Universitatea „Babeș-Bolyai” din Cluj-Napoca, Facultatea de Litere; Babeș-Bolyai University of Cluj-Napoca, Faculty of Letters
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Between National and International Literature.
The Role of the ‘Tîrgoviște Group’ in Activating the Post-war Literary Field
Starting from the distinction between national and international writers Pascale Casanova puts forward in The World Republic of Letters, the present paper investigates the case of the ‘Tîrgoviște group’ in the post-war literary field. The writers Radu Petrescu, Mircea Horia Simionescu, and Costache Olăreanu, but also the other writers known as being part of this group, have contributed to the so-called internationalization of the literature in the Liberalization period, not only through their novels which mostly follow the European and South American models, but also through their essays, journals and translations, fighting to the limits of the literature written for a particular national public. The thesis this research is based on claims that the fact that the group is created in Tîrgoviște in the ‘40s – thus far from the ideological centre – gives them more freedom in studying new international tendencies or inter-war Romanian writers. I will focus on how the ‘Tîrgoviște group’ promotes the universal literature and how they adopt the models of the European modernist literature, but also how they eventually fail becoming what Pascale Casanova fully names ‘international writers’ or iconic writers for Romanian post-war literature across the borders.
Keywords: post-war literature, international writers, national public, exile, the ’Tîrgoviste group’
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