Acasă Articole RTR O reprezentare a morţii în existenţialism. Sartre care moare

O reprezentare a morţii în existenţialism. Sartre care moare


A Representation of Death in Exstentialism.

Death is one object of study posing serious problems when trying to capture it by means of a certain methodology. And that is because death is one of the few phenomena we do not have real access to, and when that access really occurs, the knowledge we reach becomes irrelevant since it cannot be further transmitted. Taking all the risks of a study of the imaginary, this research paper aims at providing an analysis of a very special representation of death in existentialism: by one of the most reputed existentialist writers and philosophers: Jean-Paul Sartre. The paper investigates the death, as well as the dying of Sartre, mainly in view of Simone de Beauvoir’s book: La cérémonie des adieux. It outlines the mechanisms by which the attitude towards death engenders a series of cultural, social and aesthetic effects. The approach is an interdisciplinary one, blending in elements of thanatology and touching upon aspects pertaining to literary theory.
Keywords: Existentialism, Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, Death, representation, interdisciplinary approach, theory of literature, thanatology

  • Ariès, Philippe: L’homme devant la mort/The Man Facing Death. Seuil, 1977.
  • Barthes, Roland: Jurnal de doliu/Mouring Diary. Text stabilit şi adnotat de Nathalie Léger, traducere din franceză de Em. Galaicu-Păun. Cartier, 2009.
  • Baschet, Claudine et Batailles, Jacques (éditeurs): La mort à vivre. Approches du silence et de la souffrance/Death to Life. Approaches of Silence and Suffering. Autrement, Paris, 1987, « Série Mutations ».
  • Baudrillard, Jean: L’échange symbolique et la mort/Symbolic Exchange and Death. Gallimard, 1977.
  • Baudry, Patrick: La place des morts. Enjeux et rites/The Place of the Dead. Issues and Rituals. . Armand Colin, Paris, 1999.
  • Bauman, Zygmunt: Mortality, Immortality and Other Life Strategies. Polity Press, Cambridge, 1992.
  • Beauvoir, Simone de: La cérémonie des adieux suivi de Entretiens avec Jean-Paul Sartre août-septembre 1974/A farewell ceremony, followed by interviews with Jean-Paul Sartre, from August to September 1974. Gallimard, 1981.
  • Beauvoir, Simone de: Toţi oamenii sunt muritori/All people are mortal. Traducere de Florica-Eugenia Condurachi, Colecţiile Cotidianul. Literatura. Editura Univers,
    Bucureşti, 2008.
  • Brainbrigge, Susan: “La ceremonie des adieux”/”The farewell ceremony” and “Le livre brise/: situating Sartre in the Text, in The Modern Language Review, vol 97, No 4 (oct. 2002),pp. 835-849.
  • Bureau, Serge: Aujourd’hui, la mort/Today, the Death. Fides. Radio-Canada Chaine Culturelle FM, Québec, 1996.
  • Buzzati, Dino: Marele portret/The great portrait. Traducere şi postfaţă de Cornel Mihai Ionescu. Polirom, 2003.
  • Camus, Albert: Faţa şi reversul. Nunta. Mitul lui Sisif. Omul