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Vita antiqua a unei sfinte travestite: Maria, care și-a schimbat numele în Marin. Introducere și traducere

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Vita antiqua of a transvestite saint: Mary, who changed her name to Marin. Introduction and Romanian translation

The lives of the so-called transvestite nuns, though popular in Byzantine hagiography are very little known to the generic Romanian reader. This is also the case of Saint Mary, commemorated in the Orthodox Church on February 12th. Her story tells us that she followed her father into a monastery, changing her name to Marinos and wearing men’s clothes and short hair. Her identity as a woman remained hidden until death. In this paper I present the editions of the Greek versions of St Maria’s life, arguing that the version edited by Marcel Richard is not a new version, but rather a new edition of the BHG 615 version. I also offer the first Romanian translation of Marcel Richard’s edition, considered by its editor Vita antiqua.

Keywords: Mary/Marinos, transvestite nun, February 12th, Romanian translation, BHG 615

Bibliografie

Constas, Nicholas, „Life of st. Mary/Marinos”, în: Holy Women of Byzantium: Ten Saints’ Lives in English Translation, Alice-Mary Talbot (ed.), (Byzantine Saints’ Lives in Translation 1), Washington, Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection, 1996, p. 1-12.
Delehaye, Hippolyte (ed.), Synaxarium ecclesiae Constantinopolitanae e codice Sirmondiano, nunc Berolinensi, adiectis synaxariis selectis: Propylaeum ad Acta Sanctorum Novembris, Brussels, 1902.
Franco, Laura, Cinque sante bizantine. Storie di cortigiane, transvestite, eremite, imperatrici, (Testi e documenti), Milan, Studio Editoriale, 2017.
Halkin, François (ed.), Bibliotheca Hagiographica Graeca, troisième édition, 3 vol., (Subsidia Hagiographica 8a), Brussels, 1957.
Halkin, François (ed.), Auctarium Bibliothecae Hagiographicae Graecae, (Subsidia Hagiographica 47), Brussels, 1969.
Halkin, François (ed.), Novum Auctarium Bibliothecae Hagiographicae Graecae, (Subsidia Hagiographica 65), Brussels,1984.
Richard, Marcel, „La Vie Ancienne de Sainte Marie surnommée Marinos”, în: Corona Gratiarum: Miscellanea patristica, historica et liturgica Eligio Dekkers OSB XII lustra complenti oblata, vol. I, Brugge, 1975, p. 83-115.
Vie et office de sainte Marine. Textes latins, grecs, coptes, arabes, Haut-allemnad, Bas-allemand et français, editate de Léon Clugnet în colaborare cu MM E. Blochet, I. Guidi, H. Hyvernat, F. Nau et F.-M.-E. Pereira, (Bibliothèque hagiographique orientale 8), Paris, 1905.

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