Acasă Articole RTR Valeriu Gherghel, O exegeză imperială

Valeriu Gherghel, O exegeză imperială


An Imperial Exegesis

The following study examines Oratio Constantini, a discourse attributed to emperor Constantine the Great. The emphasis is put on the fact that in the Greek translation of the royal discourse, Vergil’s text of the fourth Eclogue has been ruthlessly rewritten with the purpose of giving the content a new meaning. Though a messianic poem, the fourth Eclogue doesn’t tell of the birth of Jesus Christ, as the emperor would have us believe. It couldn’t have been possible. The Christian exegets (the emperor Constantine is beyond doubt one of them) bring forth another perspective and a new standpoint regarding the content. Ultimately the study concludes that by the commentator rewriting Virgil’s poem, the text itself derives from the significance attributed to it and not the meaning from the text.

Keywords: Oratio Constantini, exegesis, literal reading, allegorical reading, meaning, significance.

  • Allen, Michael J. B., Nuptial Arithmetic: Marsilio Ficino’s Commentary on the Fatal Number in Book VIII of Plato’s Republic, Oxford: University of California Press, 1994;
  • Barnea, Ion & Iliescu, Octavian, Constantin cel Mare, Bucureşti: Editura ştiinţifică şi enciclopedică, 1982;
  • Cameron, Averil & Hall, Stuart G., Eusebius’ Life of Constantine: Introduction, Translation and Commentary, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999;
  • Carcopino, Jérôme, Virgile et le mystère de la IVe Églogue, Paris: L’Artisan du Livre, MCMXXX [1930];
  • Clausen, Wendell Vernon (ed.), A Commentary on Virgil: Eclogues, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994;
  • Clines, David, J. A., “Varieties of Indeterminacy”, in On the Way to the Postmodern: Old Testament Essays 1967 – 1998, 1, Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1998, pp.126-137; Eco, Umberto, Arta şi frumosul în estetica medievală, în româneşte de Cezar Radu, Bucureşti, Editura Meridiane, 1999;
  • Ehrman, Bart D., The Orthodox Corruption of Scripture: The Effect of Early Christological Controversies on the Text of the New Testament, New York: Oxford University Press, 1993; Ehrman, Bart D., Misquoting Jesus: The Story Behind Who Changed The Bible and Why, San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 2005; Hubbard,
  • Thomas K., “Intertextual Hermeneutics in Vergil’s Fourth and Fifth Eclogues”, in The Classical Journal, 91: 1 (1995): 11-23; Piganiol, André, L’empereur Constantin, Paris: Les Éditions Rieder, MCMXXXII [1932];
  • Thornton, Bruce, “A Note on Vergil Eclogue 4: 42-45”, in The American Journal of Philology, 109: 2 (1988): 226-228; Vergilius, Bucolica. Georgica, în româneşte de Nicolae Ionel, Iaşi: Institutul European, 1997.