Acasă Articole RTR Thoughts on the formation and settlement development of the medieval County of...

Thoughts on the formation and settlement development of the medieval County of Crasna, during the 11th -13th centuries

636
Rezumat

“…prima meta terrae Wathasomlyowa incipit ab oriente juxta aquam Crazna…”
Thoughts on the formation and settlement development of the medieval
County of Crasna, during the 11th -13th centuries

The study on the development and formation of the early medieval counties in Transylvania is a very difficult process that must be approached with great caution, not only because of the abundance of issues that arise during the investigation, but also due to the influence of emerging nationalist writing directions both in Hungarian and Romanian historiography. We refer here to the eternal question of continuity or the issues of primacy in Transylvania. Therefore, throughout our present research we apply an interdisciplinary method to try and form a most correct image on the historical phenomena concerning our area of study. The theory on the formation of Crasna county on the basis of the 7th-10th century preliminaries, meaning the presence of a massive Slavic population block from the period of the Avar Khaganate, plunges this small area into the administration of the Hungarian Kingdom from an early period (first half of the 11th century – end of the 12th century). The image of the early formation is drawn by the written sources, dating to the second half of the 12th century, when there are summoned up all the elements of a county structure. The rapid development of the administration unit of Crasna has several causes, among which we must mention it geographical position that facilitates commercial and military infrastructure, but most of all, the inhabitation of colonists starting from the beginning of the 13 century also gives a boost to the internal evolution of the county. We definitely have to mention the fact, that future research, mostly ones of archaeological character will hopefully bring light on even more elements that shall bring important contributions regarding the medieval image of this small county.

Keywords: Crasna, Barcău, castrum, terra, villa, possessio, Nepocor, early county, settlement preliminaries, hospites

Bibliografie
  • Băcueț-Crișan, Dan, Contribuții arheologice privind Nord-Vestul României, în secolele VII-XI. Cercetări în Depresiunea Silvaniei [Archaeological contributions concerning north-western Romania during the 7th – 11th centuries. Researches in the Basin of Silvania], Cluj Napoca, 2013.
  • Bóna István, Dáciától Erdőelvéig. Erdély és a Kelet-Alföld a népvándorlás korában (271-895) [From Dacia to Erdőelve. Transylvania and the Eastern planes during the migration period] în. Erdély rövid története [Short history of Transylvania], Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, 1989, p. 94.
  • Documente privind istoria României [Documents concerning the history of Romania]– C/Transilvania, secolele XI, XII, XIII/I-II, Bucureşti 1951-1952.
  • Engel Pál, Beilleszkedés Európába a kezdetektől 1440-ig [Pliancy to Europe from the beginnings until 1440], 1990, Budapest, 269.
  • Fejér Georgius, Codex diplomaticus Hungariae ecclesiasticus ac civilis, Tomi III, 2, Budae, 1829, 484.
  • Georgius Györffy, Diplomata Hungariae Antiquissima, I 1000-1131, Budapest, 1992, 95/ 276.
  • Györffy György, Az Árpád-kori Magyarország történelmi földrajza [Historycal geography of Hungary during the Árpád-dynasty], III, 1987, Budapest.
  • Ipolyi Arnold, Nagy Imre, Véghely Dezső, Hazai okmánytár [National document repertory]. Codex diplomaticus patrius, VI, Budapest, 1876, 89-93.
  • Jakó Zsigmond, Erdélyi okmánytár [Document repertory of Transylvania], I. (1023-1300), Budapest, 1997.
  • Karácsonyi János, Borovszky Samu, Regestrum Varadinense examinum ferris candentis ordino chronologico digestum…[Chronological order of the red iron trials of Oradea], Budapest, 1903, crit. 255, 290, p. 16, 19, 73, 78, doc. 1, 33, 44, 107.
  • Karácsonyi János, A Magyar nemzetségek a XIV. század közepéig [The Hungarian kindreds until the middle of the 14th century] , I-III, Budapest, 1900, I, p. 379-381.
  • Kniezsa István, Keletmagyarország helynevei [Place names of eastern Hungary], in Magyarok és Románok [Hungarians and Romanians], Ed. Deér József, Gáldi László, Budapest,1943, 267-277.
  • Kristó Gyula, A korai Erdély (895-1324)[Early Transylvania 895-1324], Szeged, 2002.
  • Mac I., Idu P. D., Dealurile şi depresiunile Silvaniei [Hills and Basins of Silvania region], în Geografia României [Geography of Romania], IV, 1992, 39-48.
  • Muscă Elena, Repertoriul localităţilor din Sălaj în secolul al XIII-lea [Repertoire of the 13th century settlements of Sălaj County], în Acta Musei Porolissensis, XI/1987, Zalău, 199-205.
  • Petri Mór, Szilágy vármegyte monográphiája [The monograph of Szilágy County], I-IV, Zalău, 1901.
  • Szentpétery Imre, Az Árpád-házi királyok okleveleinek kritikai jegyzéke. Regesta regum stirpis Arpadianae critico diplomatica [Critical notes on the documents emitted by Arpadian kings], I/1, Budapest, 1923, 115.
  • Suciu Suciu C., Dicţionar istoric al localităţilor din Transilvania [Historical dictionary of Transylvania’s settlements], II, Bucureşti, 1967.
  • Szabó István, A falurendszer kialakulása Magyarországon. X–XV [Formation of the village system in Hungary during the 10th – 15th centuries], Ed. Század, Budapest, 1966, 36-54.
  • Vizauer, Valentin Victor Așezări și locuințe medievale timpurii în Transilvania (sec. VI-VII/IX-X)[ Early medieval dwellings and settlement in Transylvania (6th – 7th / 9th – 10th centuries)], Cluj Napoca, 2008.
  • Zsoldos Attila, A szent király szabadjai [The “liberi”of the saint king], Budapest, 1999, 22-23.
  • Zsoldos Attila, Magyarország világi archontológiája 1000-1301 [Secular archontology of Hungary between 1000 and 1301], Budapest, 2011.
DISTRIBUIȚI