Complexul Național Muzeal „ASTRA”, Sibiu
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10 / 2018
The Forest, Labyrinth of the Unconscious: Țugulea, the Son of the Old Couple (Petre Ispirescu)
Among the genres of folk literature, tales have become, in our opinion, the most important means of breaking the boundaries between generations and of going back to our “world within”, to our Self. The analysis of tales involves an interdisciplinary approach. Folklore studies make the material available to us, but it cannot be studied without resorting to the theory of mentalities, the history of religions and myths, or the new approaches of the theory of imaginary and of cultural anthropology. Understanding the pre-Christian substratum, but most of all getting inside the mentality of archaic communities is extremely difficult, because mentalities adapt to historical events.
In Romanian culture, forests are ambivalent spaces, of protection and safety, but also of fears and wandering. They are deemed passages to the other world, realms of initiation, of incursion into the subconscious, of preparation for entering a new stage of life. To study the extraordinary voyages into the forest, we will analyse Țugulea, the Son of the Old Couple, a tale gathered by Petre Ispirescu. Crossing the border and returning to the familiar space are the best proof of the existence of another dimension.
Keywords: Romanian folk tale, theory of imaginary, the forest, theory of the limit.