Alexandru Dragomir Institute for Philosophy, Bucharest; Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu
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Filozofie și studii politice
Structuralism in the Philosophy Journals in Communist Romania:
Rejection and Accomodation (1954-1967)
Abstract: This article presents the reception of structuralism in linguistics, psychology, social sciences, anthropology, and literature as viewed from the perspective of the most important philosophical journals in Romanian communism, Cercetări filozofice [Philosophical Research] and Revista de filozofie [The Philosophy Magazine] during the period between 1953 and 1967. Following François Dosse’s delineation between two phases of the development of structuralism (before and after 1967), Baghiu argues that in Romania – and possibly in Eastern Europe – structuralism was only taken serious as a methodology after the debate on Roland Barthes and Michel Foucault during 1967. Before that, every structuralist figure was criticized as bourgeois and idealistic. While Barthes becomes one of the most important references of French structuralism, Foucault becomes a sort of a public enemy in 1967, after his Les mots et les choses, which is viewed in socialist countries as anti-humanistic thought and thus rejected. This allows Baghiu to describe 1967 as a benchmark in which both structuralism and poststructuralism gain preeminence in philosophical debates in Romania, yet in different manners.
Keywords: structuralism, communist Romania, philosophy, poststructuralism, linguistics, Foucault, Barthes.
Citation suggestion: Baghiu, Ștefan. “Structuralismul în revistele de filozofie din România comunistă: respingere și acomodare (1954-1967).” Transilvania, no. 11-12 (2021): 25-34.