Acasă Articole RTR Seneca și Claudius. Apoteoza răsturnată

Seneca și Claudius. Apoteoza răsturnată

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Seneca and Claudius. The Overturned Apotheosis

Life’s trials determined Seneca to radically modify his attitude towards the emperor Claudius. Exiled by Claudius, Seneca tries to gain the emperor’s benevolence by an encomiastic writing hidden under the form of a consolation for an influent figure from Claudius’ court, the imperial freedman Polybius. Due to the interventions of Agrippina, Seneca returns to Rome in order to become the mentor of the teenager Nero. After Claudius’ suspect death by poison, Seneca writes a grim lampoon directed against him. In this satire, Seneca is attacking the practice of apotheosis, in other words, the assimilation of the dead sovereigns with the gods, and inserts an apologetic passage for the new emperor Nero.

Keywords: Seneca, Claudius, apotheosis, political satire, consolatory work

Bibliografie

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