Universitatea „Petre Andrei“ din Iaşi, Facultatea de Asistenţă Socială şi Sociologie “Petre Andrei” University of Iaşi, Faculty of Social Work and Sociology
E-mail personal autor:
11 / 2011
Petre Andrei: antifascism as individual value
One of the most important Romanian sociologist and social thinker, Petre Andrei, wrote in 1927, an outstanding study about fascism. Few years before the expansion period of Fascism, Nazism or Legionarism, Petre Andrei understood the great negative impact that a doctrine like fascism can have on people’s belief if the social context (e.g. post-war crisis period) allows to a dictatorial regime to gain the political power. The great virtue of this study is the systematic approach of origins, developing factors and possible consequences of a social movement that became a party only because the context was favourable. Nationalism, mesianism, imperialism, clericalism, anti-democratic and anti-parliamentarist ideas were reason for Petre Andrei to infer that fascism, like any other dictatorship, will generate bad consequences for its partisans. The history proves he was right. This article tries to demonstrate that “Fascism”, beyond demonstrating that Professor Petre Andrei was a great intellectual and sociologist, proves he had a profound democratic and progressist mentality that made him to have an anti-totalitarist and antifascist attitude in his life and activity. That’s why we consider antifascism was for Petre Andrei an individual life value not just an intellectual position.
Keywords: antifascism, totalitarian political doctrines, interbelic sociologist, Petre Andrei.
- Ian Adams, R.W. Dyson, Fifty Major Political Thinkers, Routledge, 2003.
- Petre Andrei, Jurnal. Memorialistică. Corespondenţă / Diary. Memoirs. Correspondence, Editura Graphix, 1993.
- Petre Andrei, Fascismul / Fascism, Editura Neuron, 1995.
- Petre Andrei, Sociologie generală / General sociology, Polirom, 1997.
- Petre Andrei, Sociologia Revoluţiei. Studii de sociologie politică / Sociology of revolution. Studies of political sociology, Editura Polirom, 1998.
- Richard, J. Evans, German Woman and the Triuph of Hitler, The Journal of Modern History, The University of Chicago Press, vol. 48, pp. 123-175, 1976.
- Julius Evola, Naţionalism şi Asceză. Reflecţii asupra fenomenului legionar / Nationalism and asceticism. Reflections and the legionary phenomenon, Editura Fronde, 1998.
- Francois Furet, Trecutul unei iluzii – Eseu despre ideea comunistă în secolul XX / The past of an illusion – Essay on the communist idea in the XXth century, Editura Humanitas, 1995.
- Francois Furet, Ernst Nolte, Fascism şi Comunism / Fascism and communism, Editura Univers, 2000.
- Martin Gardner, A Skeptical Look at Karl Popper, in Skeptical Inquirer. The Magazine for Science and Reason, Vol. 25 (4), pp. 13-14, 2001.
- Aristotle Kallis, Fascist ideology: territory and expansionism in Italy and Germany, 1922-1945, Routledge, 2000.
- Mircea Mâciu, Sociologia lui Petre Andrei / Petre Andrei’s sociology, Editura Politică, 1969.
- Mircea Mâciu, Petre Andrei. Activitatea, concepţia, opera / Petre Andrei. The activity, the conception, the work, Editura Ştiinţifică şi Enciclopedică, 1986.
- John F.Murphy, Fascism, in Carlisle, R. P. (editor), Encyclopedia of Politics: the left and the right, Sage Publication: pp. 635-639, 2005.
- Kevin Passmore, Fascism: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford University Press, 2002.
- Robert Paxton, The Five Stages of Fascism, in The Journal of Modern History, The University of Chicago Press, vol. 70 (1), pp. 1-23, 1998.
- Eugen Weber, România / Romania, in Rogger, H. & Weber, E. (eds.), Dreapta Europeană. Profil Istoric / European right-wing. Historic profile, Editura Minerva, pp. 385- 446, 1995.