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Roxana Patraș, “Visul unui nopți de iarnă”: proiecții ale Nordului în opera eminesciană

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A Winter Night’s Dream: The North” in Eminescu’s Works

The present essay represents an assessment of the poetic figures and signs which constellate around the Northern space, the way it is imagined and described in Mihai Eminescu’s prose and poetry. First of all, it evaluates G. Calinescu’s notion of ‘boreal vision’ within the context of great romantic themes; from this perspective, Eminescu’s obvious taste for the Northern mythology and for wintry scenes can bear the appearance of mere clichés and cultural conventions. However, our point is that, twining the Romanian epic from its onset, the Northern narrative scheme and its correspondent figures have always accompanied the artistic process, most of them being able to convert into great symbols of Eminescu’s personal myth. Such spectacular conversions are to be found in the way Northern characters (King North, Queen Midnight, Princess Pole Star/Poesis, The Bard/ Skald) and arctic signs (the pole star, the diamond) can reach the deepest recesses of Eminescu’s basic imagery.

Keywords: Boreal vision, (King) North, Queen Midnight, Pole Star, Odin, Freia, Diamond, King, Queen, Ice, Snow, Arctic Ocean

Bibliografie
  • Călinescu, G., Opera lui Mihai Eminescu (Mihai Eminescu’ Work), vol I-IV, Minerva Publishing House, Bucharest, 1985.
  • Constantinescu, Viorica S., Dicţionar de cultură poetică. Eminescu (Dictionary of Poetic Culture. Eminescu), Universitas XXI Publishing House, Iaşi, 2010.
  • Eminescu, Mihai, 2254, edited by Eugen Simion, “Editura Enciclopedică” Publishers, Bucharest, 2004.
  • Eminescu, Mihai, Opere I. Poezii tipărite în timpul vieţii (Works I. Poetry Published During Life), critical edition cured by Perpessicius, “Fundaţia pentru Literatură şi Artă Regele Carol al II-lea” Publishers, Bucharest, 1939.
  • Eminescu, Mihai, Opere III, Poezii tipărite în timpul vieţii (Works I. Poetry Published During Life), critical edition cured by Perpessicius, “Fundaţia pentru Literatură şi Artă Regele Mihai I” Publishers, Bucharest, 1944.
  • Eminescu, Mihai, Opere IV. Poezii postume (Works IV. Posthumous Poetry), edited by Perpessicius, The Publishing House of RSR Academy, Bucharest, 1952.
  • Eminescu, Mihai, Opere V. Poezii postume (Works V. Posthumous Poetry), edited by Perpessicius, The Publishing House of RSR Academy, 1958.
  • Eminescu, Mihai, Proză Literară (Poetry. Literary Prose), volumes I-II, edited by Petru Creţia, “Cartea Românească” Publishing House, Bucharest, 1978.
  • Todoran, Eugen, Epopeea română (The Romanian Epic), Junimea Publishing House, Iaşi, 1981.
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