Acasă Articole RTR Regimul comunist și dinamica numărului de copii orfani în R(A)SS Moldovenească (1924-1961)

Regimul comunist și dinamica numărului de copii orfani în R(A)SS Moldovenească (1924-1961)

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Abstract:The article elucidates the evolution of the orphanage network in Moldovan SSAR and Moldovan SSR in relation to the socio-economic realities and the social policy of the Soviet state. By analysing the statistical data, we show that the expansion of the orphanage network in the MSSAR (1924-1940) and in the MSSR in 1944-1961 is due to the social policy of reducing the number of homeless and orphaned children suffering from hunger. We conclude that the number of orphanages increased during the famine, and decreased only after mitigating its consequences in the early 1950s. The Soviet state, on the one hand, provoked the humanitarian crisis in the MSSR, and on the other hand, proved to be “humane” by organizing an extensive network of orphanages intended to save children. The difficult situation of children in the post-war years, the starvation, vagrancy, the increased number of orphaned children, etc. was the consequence of the totalitarian politics and of the irresponsibility of local authorities.

Keywords: orphanage, orphaned children, Soviet state, famine, vagrancy, totalitarian regime.

Citation suggestion: Dolghi, Adrian. “Regimul comunist și dinamica numărului de copii orfani în R(A)SS Moldovenească (1924-1961)”. Transilvania, no. 5 (2021): 50-57.

https://doi.org/10.51391/trva.2021.05.06.

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