Acasă Articole RTR Primele încercări de reformare religioasă a Transilvaniei

Primele încercări de reformare religioasă a Transilvaniei

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The first attempts regarding Transylvania’s religious reformation

The religious reform from the 16th century has been regarded as a spiritual phenomenon with a crucial importance in the history oh the Christian Church. Neither up to this moment, nor after it have been produced such dogmatic and confessional seismic break-ups been produced. It is well known that the Reform was carried out gradually within 50-60 years. In northern and central Europe Lutheranism and Calvinism in not such a wide range have been enforced. In contrast in East Calvinism, Unitarianism and Sabbatarianism were more popular. Poland, and mostly Transylvannia represented a psecial case to the fore of the doctrinary debates. The new currents despite their fierceness have confronted with the opposion coming from the Roman-Catholic Church, together with the intolerance between the protestant confessions. Still we can talk about a relative tolerance in the Occident and a broader one in Transylvannia where 4 official religions and one tolerated coexisted. The Diet’s decrees starting with 1545 have started to adopt a number of bills that guaranteed confessional liberty. In 1550 the Diet of Turda has institutionalized Lutheranism, and then the Diet from 1564 Calvinism. Finally, the diets from 1568 and 1571 have institutionalized the fourth confession, Unitarianism, a unique case in the history of Europe so far festered by religious wars.
Keywords: Reform, official religions, tolerance, doctrine, dogmatics

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