Ioan Marian ȚIPLIC; Maria CRÎNGACI ȚIPLIC
Universitatea „Lucian Blaga” din Sibiu; Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu
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Ecelesiastical Arhitectural Patrimony in Southern Transylvania. Archaeological Perspective
The archeologic research of ecclesiastical monuments became inevitable especially for those monuments that have a history beginning before the 13th century, when written data begins to spread. Written sources can be useful, if available, for the detailing of the information gained from archaeologic research, but before the mid-13th century, it is highly unusual to find such sources. The research of the ecclesiastical heritage from Southern Transylvania has a long tradition in German-language historiography, but, in most cases, their focus was on architecture and the history of art. Ensembles, fortified or not, have caught the attention of certain archaeologic research programs especially between 1960 and 1980, when ample restauration projects were started for several important sites: Sibiu – The Evangelical Parochial Church; Sebeș – The Evangelical Church; Brașov – The Black Church; Alba Iulia – The Roman-Catholic Church, among others.
Keywords: Medieval archaeology, Urban archaeology, Transylvania, Sibiu.