Acasă Articole RTR Organizarea românilor ardeleni. De la formarea Consiliului Național Român Central (31 octombrie)...

Organizarea românilor ardeleni. De la formarea Consiliului Național Român Central (31 octombrie) până la semnarea armistițiului dintre Ungaria și Antantă (13 noiembrie 1918) (O cronologie a Unirii Transilvaniei cu România după presa vremii. IV)

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Abstract: The night of the Hungarian Aster Revolution (October 30-31) in Budapest brought about the birth of not only the Hungarian National Council, under the leadership of Mihály Károlyi, but also of the Romanian National Council, consequently moved to Arad two days later. On the one hand, the Romanian Central National Council considered itself to be the Romanian counterpart of the Hungarian National Council which had just taken over the governance of Hungary (although, for the time being, the state was still considered to be the Kingdom of Hungary, under the House of Habsburg). As such, the new Romanian Council’s first concern was to put an end to anarchy and reinstate order in the territories inhabited by Romanians. The organization even affirmed its anti-revolutionary and pro-dynastic position, in contrast with its Hungarian counterpart, which was considered to be too much taken over by revolutionary flames. Very soon after this, the Romanian Central National Council was confronted with new geo-political developments in the Eastern European space. On November 5, 1918, during a press conference, the American State Secretary Robert Lansing mentioned the possibility of uniting Transylvania to the Kingdom of Romania. Two days later, on the occasion of signing the armistice with Hungary, the French General Franchet d’Espèrey held a speech that had a crushing effect on the Government and the public opinion of Hungary that country, in which he utterly proclaimed the dissolution of Great Hungary.

Keywords: The Romanian Central National Council, Transylvania, Arad, Robert Lansing, Mihály Károlyi, Oszkár Jászi, Franchet d’Espèrey.

Citation suggestion: Brusanowski, Paul. “Organizarea românilor ardeleni. De la formarea Consiliului Național Român Central (31 octombrie) până la semnarea armistițiului dintre Ungaria și Antantă (13 noiembrie 1918) (O cronologie a Unirii Transilvaniei cu România după presa vremii. IV)”. Transilvania, no. 5 (2021): 58-67.

https://doi.org/10.51391/trva.2021.05.07.

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