Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu
E-mail personal autor:
Abstract: The night of the Hungarian Aster Revolution (October 30-31) in Budapest brought about the birth of not only the Hungarian National Council, under the leadership of Mihály Károlyi, but also of the Romanian National Council, consequently moved to Arad two days later. On the one hand, the Romanian Central National Council considered itself to be the Romanian counterpart of the Hungarian National Council which had just taken over the governance of Hungary (although, for the time being, the state was still considered to be the Kingdom of Hungary, under the House of Habsburg). As such, the new Romanian Council’s first concern was to put an end to anarchy and reinstate order in the territories inhabited by Romanians. The organization even affirmed its anti-revolutionary and pro-dynastic position, in contrast with its Hungarian counterpart, which was considered to be too much taken over by revolutionary flames. Very soon after this, the Romanian Central National Council was confronted with new geo-political developments in the Eastern European space. On November 5, 1918, during a press conference, the American State Secretary Robert Lansing mentioned the possibility of uniting Transylvania to the Kingdom of Romania. Two days later, on the occasion of signing the armistice with Hungary, the French General Franchet d’Espèrey held a speech that had a crushing effect on the Government and the public opinion of Hungary that country, in which he utterly proclaimed the dissolution of Great Hungary.
Keywords: The Romanian Central National Council, Transylvania, Arad, Robert Lansing, Mihály Károlyi, Oszkár Jászi, Franchet d’Espèrey.
Citation suggestion: Brusanowski, Paul. “Organizarea românilor ardeleni. De la formarea Consiliului Național Român Central (31 octombrie) până la semnarea armistițiului dintre Ungaria și Antantă (13 noiembrie 1918) (O cronologie a Unirii Transilvaniei cu România după presa vremii. IV)”. Transilvania, no. 5 (2021): 58-67.
Groza, Mihai-Octavian, Senatul militar român al ofițerilor și soldaților din Viena. 31 octombrie – 27 noiembrie 1918 [“Romanian military senate of officers and soldiers from Vienna, October 31 – November 27”]. Cluj-Napoca, Argonaut, 2015.
Leonhard, Jörn, Der überforderte Frieden: Versailles und die Welt 1918-1923 [“Overstrained peace: Versailles and the world 1918- 1923”], C.H.Beck, 2018, Kindle-edition. Păcurariu, Mircea, Politica statului ungar faţă de Biserica românească din Transilvania în perioada dualismului. 1867-1918 [The Policy of the Hungarian State regarding the Romanian Church from Transylvania in the Period of Dualism. 1867-1918]. Sibiu, Editura Institututului Biblic și de Misiune al Bisericii Ortodoxe Române, 1986.
Triteanu, Lazăr. Şcoala noastră 1850-1916, Zona culturală [Our school. 1850-1916. The cultural zone]. Sibiu, Tipografia Arhidiecezană, 1919.
Vesa, Vasile, „Unirea Transilvaniei cu România” [“The union of Transylvania with Romania”], în Istoria Transilvaniei [History of Transylvania], ed. Ioan-Aurel Pop, Thomas Nägler și Magyari András (Cluj-Napoca: Centrul de Studii Transilvane, 2016), III, 609-625.