Alexandru Dragomir Institute for Philosophy, Bucharest; University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science and Technology of Targu Mures
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Dialectical and Historical Materialism in Romanian Communism (II)
Abstract: The article (published in 2 parts) analyzes the expression and development of Marxist philosophy in communist Romania, as seen in the evolution of the official handbooks and courses of dialectical materialism and historical materialism. Its first part looked at the original Marxian foundations (Marx and Engels’ views on metaphilosophy and their actual philosophical practice), the Soviet mediations (the institutional and conceptual reconfigurations of Soviet Marxist philosophy until the death of Stalin) and the initial local Romanian configuration, as seen in the first two editions of the handbooks, published in the early 1950s and early 1960s respectively. The second part of the article follows this evolution further, up to 1989, and concludes by formulating a series of observations on the uses and abuses of Marxist philosophy in communist Romania.
Keywords: Dialectical Materialism, Historical Materialism, Marxism, State Socialism, Romanian Communism.
Citation suggestion: Cistelecan, Alex. “Materialism dialectic și istoric în comunismul românesc (II).” Transilvania, no. 6-7 (2022): 14-23.