Universitatea „Lucian Blaga“ din Sibiu, Facultatea de Istorie şi Patrimoniu “Lucian Blaga“ University of Sibiu, Faculty of History and Patrimony
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12 / 2011
From „rex Gyla maior” to „Stefanus dux Ultrasilvaniae” (?953-1270)
Why did Transylvania have a parallel evolution compared to Pannonia until the mid-11th century?
The latest scientific works of Romanian historiography answer this question taking into account the possibility that the North-West intra-Carpathian Transylvanian area could have been conquered as a consequence of a dissident direction manifested within the Hungarian / Hunogur confederation. This made Tuhutum to take possession of a territory which was not as well organized as those of Menumorut or Glad. Analysing the fragment of the Chronicle mentioning Arpad’s election as ruler, T. Sălăgean considers that Tuhutum’s departure occurred immediately after this moment, practically on the first opportunity he was offered to earn freedom. The conclusion to be drawn suggests that “the Ultrasylvanian land” was conquered on his own and for himself by a Hungarian tribal leader in conflict with Arpad.
The integration and organization of the Transylvanian territory as an entity of the Arpadian kingdom determined two operations:
– The imposing of the comitatens system, which made it easier to control the territory and the collection of vassal obligations ;
– The implementation of a church organisation system, with a double role: economical and political.
Keywords: Transylvania, Middle Ages, Gylas, Stefanus, dux, rex
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