Acasă Articole RTR Magnificus Johannes De Hunyad, Wayuoda Transylvanus, Validam Potentian Sevissimos Turcorum Debelasset, Triumphum...

Magnificus Johannes De Hunyad, Wayuoda Transylvanus, Validam Potentian Sevissimos Turcorum Debelasset, Triumphum Victorie Reportando

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Magnificus Johannes De Hunyad, Wayuoda Transylvanus, Validam Potentian Sevissimos Turcorum Debelasset, Triumphum Victorie Reportando

Our title paraphrases the charter issued by the Chapter of Arad în July 3, 1444, through which George Branković, Despot of Sebia, donated several estates in Hungary to John Hunyadi, by that time voivode of Transiylvania, for the latters victories over famous Ottoman warlords, like Mezid Beg and Şehabeddin. Hunyadi’s victories over the Ottoman must have seemed real miracles at that time when the Ottoman Empire besieged the gates of Europe for over an half of century. The re-examination of the narrative and documentary sources on John Hunyadi’s early battles with the Ottoamns in the years 1435-1442 is a necessity in the Romanian historiography, since the topic wasn’t analysed since the monographs on the hero’s life and times, signed by Camil Mureşan (1968) and Mihail P. Dan (1974). The attentive analyse of the sources reveals interesting details on the (at least!) yearly raiding parties in the Ottoman borderlands, so common on the Hungarian-Ottoman frontier in the first half of the 15-th century, as well as on John Hunyadi’s victories over Ishak Beg, Mezid Beg and the vezir Şehabeddin. King Wladislas Jagiello wrote about this victories that they raised the moral of the Christians, determining them to retake the offensive against the „cruel Turks”. And indeed, Hunyadi’s military success led to the great anti-Ottoman Crusades of 1443-1444 and 1444.

Keywords: John Hunyadi; Ishak Beg; Mezid Beg; Şehabeddin; The Realm of St. Stephen; medieval Hungary; Ottoman Empire; Hungarian-Ottoman border; Hungarian-Ottoman wars; Transylvania; Battle of Sântimbru; Battle of Vaskápu; Poarta de Fier a Transilvaniei; Battle of Ialomiţa.

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