Acasă Articole RTR Ioan-Nicolae Popa, Scurtă privire asupra unei scrieri juridice de la începutul secolului...

Ioan-Nicolae Popa, Scurtă privire asupra unei scrieri juridice de la începutul secolului al XIX-lea

403
Rezumat

A juristic writing from the beginning of the 19th century

In 1805, the young lawyer and literate Vasile Aaron compiled a legal guidebook to be used by the councils of Romanian “Eastern law” churches in Transylvania. The author’s intention was clearly to publish his work, as proven by the word “booklet” which he used to describe it in his address To the Readership (dated October 1st, 1805) and by further information provided by a 1806 letter written by Samuil Micu. However, sharing the fate of many writings of that era, the work was never printed and circulated in form of hand-written copies. Although Aaron’s work has been reported as extant and in use in 1868, at the National Orthodox Congress in Sibiu, studies on canon law and histories of Romanian law both failed to capitalize this information. The work made a timid entrance into scientific circles in 1941, when Professor Semproniu Lupaş described a copy carried out in 1843 by an archpriest in Apoldu de Sus, near Sibiu. However, beyond having its title mentioned along with the rest of Aaron’s works, the manuscript never benefitted from a substantial analysis of its contents. According to Semproniu Lupaş, Vasile Aaron was “the first author of a juristic work written in Romanian language”. Nevertheless, his work was not merely a legal guidebook for church consistories. The “Praxis of church councils”, as it has come to be known, provided Romanian clergy for decades in as row with information and know-how regarding the jurisdictional system in the Principality of Transylvania and the various procedures to be followed during a lawsuit. Also, Aaron’s pioneering work contributed significantly to the formation of a Romanian legal language. Beyond the technical aspects, the “Praxis” is a valuable information source regarding its time and people, allowing today´s researchers to get a deeper understanding of the vast and complex area covered by the actions of the Transylvanian school “enlighteners”.
Keywords: Vasile Aaron, legal guidebook, canon law, church legal councils, Semproniu Lupaş, manuscript, Romanian legal language

Bibliografie
  • *** Protocolul Congresului Naţional Bisericesc de religiune greco-resăriteană conchiamatu în Sabiiu, pe 16/28 septembrie 1868 / Records of National Congress of the Romanian Greek-Ortodox Church convened in Sibiu, 16 / 28 September 1868. Tipărit din partea Prezidiului, Sabiiu, în Tipografia Archidiecezană, 1868.
  • Mariş, Ion. O altă cronică a Sibiului – Hermannstadt. 1930-2000 [Another chronicle of Sibiu – Hermannstadt. 1930-2000], Sibiu, Editura Armanis, 2013.
  • Lupaş, Semproniu. Vasile Aaron, cel dintâi autor al unei lucrări juridice în limba română [Vasile Aaron, the first author of a juridical writing in Romanian language]. În România nouă, anul VIII, nr. 27, 26 aprilie 1941.
  • Popa, Liliana. Două scrisori inedite ale lui Samuil Micu-Klein către Vasile Aaron [Two as yet unpublished letters addressed by Samuil Micu-Klein to Vasile Aaron]. În Revista de arhivistică editată de Asociaţia Arhiviştilor „David Prodan” Cluj-Napoca, Tom IV, 1998, nr. 1-2.
  • Popa, Liliana Maria; Popa, Ioan-Nicolae. Vasile Aaron. 1780-1821. Studiu monografic [Vasile Aaron. A monographic study], Sibiu, Editura InfoArt Media, 2011.
  • Popa, Mircea. Două opere mai puţin cunoscute ale lui Vasile Aaron [Twoo lesser known works of Vasile Aaron]. În Revista de istorie şi teorie literară, Tom 28, 1979, nr. 3, pp. 438-439.
  • Barcianu, Daniil Popovici. Vasilie Aaron (1770-1822). O scriere încă necunoscută a lui [A still unknown writing by Vasile Aaron]. În XV Programă a Institutului Pedagogic-Teologic al Archidiecesei române transilvane […] pe anul şcolar 1898-1989, Sibiu, Tipariul Tipografiei Archidiecesane, 1899.
  • Todoran, Romulus. Contribuţii la studiul terminologiei juridicoadministrative româneşti din Transilvania la începutul secolului al XIX-lea [Contributions to the study of Romanian legal and administrative terminology in Transylvania at the beginning of the XIXth century]. În Contribuţii la istoria limbii literare române în secolul al XIX-lea, vol. al III-lea, Bucureşti, 1962.
  • Ursu, N. A. Completări şi rectificări la „Bibliografia analitică a limbii române literare” (1780-1866) [Additions and amendments to the „Analitical Bibliography of the Literary Romanian Language” (1780-1866). În Limba română, an XXI, 1972, nr. 5.
DISTRIBUIȚI