Institutul de Istorie şi Teorie Literară „G. Călinescu”, Academia Română, Bucureşti Institute of History and Literary Theory “G. Călinescu”, Romanian Academy, Bucharest
E-mail personal autor:
7 / 2014
G. Călinescu, the Union of Patriots and the Beginning of Stalinization in Romania
The following article discusses about the relation between the literary critic G. Călinescu, the crypto-communist organization “The Union of Patriots” and the first steps to Romania’s Stalinization in the autumn of 1944. We bring some new details regarding the history of this political structure, which served so called anti-Fascist purposes during the Second World War (1942-1944). Besides, our intention is to spot the way the Communist Party used it as a middle of propaganda among the intellectuals. Furthermore, the aim of the paper is to prove that G. Călinescu, as a member of “The Union of Patriots”, served the ideology of the Communist Party and its short term political goals in a series of articles he published in the newspaper “Tribuna poporului” (“People’s Tribune”) in 1944. He sustained very promptly the “democratic” (Stalinist) signals and proposals that left extremism, under a populist and message, spread into Romanian public space at that time.
Keywords: G. Călinescu, The Union of Patriots, Stalinization, propaganda, populism, soviet democracy, “Tribuna poporului” (“People’s Tribune”).
G. Călinescu, Cultură şi naţiune (Culture and Nation), antologie, studiu introductiv şi note de Claudiu Sfichirneţ, Bucureşti, Albatros, 2002.
- G. Călinescu, Opere. Publicistică (Works. Journalism), vol. V, 1940-1946, ediţie coordonată de Nicolae Mecu, text îngrijit, note şi comentarii de Alexandra Ciocârlie, Nicolae Mecu, Oana Soare, Pavel Ţugui, Fundaţia Naţională pentru Ştiinţă şi Artă, Bucureşti, 2008.
- Eugen Negricici, Iluziile literaturii române (The Illusions of the Romanian Literature), Bucureşti, Editura Cartea Românească, 2008.
- Andrei Terian, G. Călinescu: a cincea esenţă (G. Călinescu: the Quintessence), Bucureşti, Editura Cartea Românească, 2009.
- Arhivele Naţionale Istorice Centrale, Fond „Uniunea Patrioţilor” (nr. 2861), rolele 210 şi 211 (Central National Historic Archives, Fund „The Union of Patriots”, no 2861, reels no 210 and 211).