Muzeul Civilizaţiei Dacice şi Romane Deva / Universitatea „Petru Maior” Târgu-Mureş, Facultatea de Ştiinţe şi Litere
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8 / 2015
Women in the Soviet Gulag. The ways of survival
The topic that we approach in this study shows the way in which the woman reported to Soviet Gulag prisoners, but also to the camps staff, by sexual point of view in order to get some facilities, such as an easier work, an easier detention, or better food, etc. The interpretation we offer in this scientific analysis is intended as a brief radiography of some sequences related to the intimate life of female prisoners and the harmful role of the Soviet prison system in the dehumanization and humiliation to which the women were exposed.In any case, the Gulag exhibits a full panorama of issues still unexplored in depth: from sexual violence, to lesbianism, homosexuality, or pregnancy and birth in the unfavourable camps to a normal life.
Keywords: woman, Soviet Gulag, sex, love and survival strategies, dehumanization, humiliation.
Books: Applebaum, Anne, Gulagul: o istorie / Gulag: A History, traducerea din limba engleză de Simona-Gabriela Vărzan şi Vlad Octavian Palcu, Bucureşti, Humanitas, 2011.
Cesereanu, Ruxandra, Panopticum: tortura politică în secolul XXX: studiu de mentalitate / Panopticum: Political Torture in the 20th Century: A Study of Mentalities, prefaţă de Alexandru Zub, Iaşi, Institutul European, 2001.
Cormoş, Graţian, Femei în infernul concentraţionar din România (1945-1989) / Women in the Concentrationary Inferno in Romania (1945-1989), ediţia a 2-a, ClujNapoca, Argonaut, 2009.
Soljeniţn, Alexandr, Arhipelagul Gulag / / The Gulag Archipelago, vol II, traducere şi note de Ion Covaci, Bucureşti, Univers, 2008.
Online sources: Bell, William T., „Sex and Soviet Power in the Gulag of Western Siberia”. Paper for presentation at the International Young Researchers Conference on the „Gulag in History and Memory”, Havighurst Center for Russian and Post-Soviet Studies, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, October 28-30, 2010), articol disponibil la adresa de web http://miamioh.edu/cas/_files/ documents/havighurst/2010/bell.pdf , accesat la 12 mai 2015.
______________, The Gulag and Soviet Society in Western Siberia, 1929-1953, (A thesis submitted in conformity with the requirementsfor the degree of Doctor of Philosophy Graduate Department of History, University of Toronto, 2011), articol disponibil la adresa de web https://tspace.library.utoronto.ca/ bitstream/1807/29921/1/Bell_Wilson_T_201106_ PhD_thesis.pdf , accesat la 12 mai 2015.
BIRD, Victoria, „The Littlest Enemies: Children of the Stalin Era”, articol disponibil la adresa de web https:// thevieweast.wordpress.com/2012/06/21/the-littlestenemies-children-of-the-stalinist-era/ , accesat la 20 mai 2015. Coak, Katryna, „A Day in the Life Of…”: Women of the Soviet Gulag, articol disponibil la adresa de web https://thevieweast.wordpress.com/2012/06/19/aday-in-the-life-of-women-of-the-soviet-gulag/ , accesat la 18 mai 2015.
Vasicek, Caroline, Voices from the Darkness: Women in the Nazi Camps and Soviet Gulag, (Boston College Electronic Thesis or Dissertation, 2003), http://dlib. bc.edu/islandora/object/bc-ir:102448/datastream/ PDF/view, accesat la 19 mai 2015.