Universitatea „Lucian Blaga” din Sibiu, Facultatea de Științe Socio-Umane / Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, Faculty of Social and Human Sciences
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The Ethics of Scientific Research in Social Sciences
The current approach of research ethics is strongly influenced by the principles stated in the most important biomedical documents, the Nuremberg Code, the Helsinki Declaration, the Belmont Report and the CIOMS Guide. The current concerns about the ethical quality of scientific research have led to a more severe regulation of this field. Universities, research units and institutions need to develop ethical guidelines and set up research ethics boards to ethically review research projects involving humans. The core principles, that underpin the ethical codes, are respect for persons, concern for welfare, the duty to do no harm, and justice. These dominant principles, and the good practices resulting from their application were initially developed by bioethicists, but later they were extended to other academic disciplines. The expansion of regulations based on bioethics to social sciences has not been uncontested, the most important critiques focusing on radical separation from the biomedical approach and its core principles, and on replacing the current system of ethics review with a less rigid one.
Keywords: research ethics, bioethics, Nuremberg Code, social sciences, academic integrity, ethical principles.
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