Acasă Articole RTR Ecclesiastical Monuments of Brașov/Kronstadt/Brassó and the (Imagined) Topography of a Transylvanian City...

Ecclesiastical Monuments of Brașov/Kronstadt/Brassó and the (Imagined) Topography of a Transylvanian City in Late Medieval and Early Modern Times

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By definition, a monument has extraordinary features that mark landscape and human minds alike. Without any doubt, the Medieval and Early Modern World of Europe was marked by ecclesiastical monuments, from great cathedrals and abbeys to simple chapels and altars at crossroads. A very interesting case study offers Braşov/ Kronstadt/Brassó, in the south-eastern corner of Transylvania, where historical sources attest several ecclesiastic monuments, in and around the city. Late medieval and early modern documents and chronicles reveal not only interesting data on the monasteries, churches and chapels of Braşov/Kronstadt/Brassó, but also on the way in which citizens and outsiders imagined those monuments in their mental topography of the city. The inhabitants of Braşov/ Kronstadt/Brassó and foreign visitors saw the monasteries, churches and chapels of the city, kept them in mind and referred to them in their (written) accounts, when they wanted to locate certain facts or events. The present paper aims in offering an overview of the late medieval and early modern sources regarding the ecclesiastical monuments of Braşov/Kronstadt/Brassó, as well as an insight into the imagined topography of a Transylvanian city.

Bibliografie

Documentary sources:

Urkundenbuch zur Geschichte der Deutschen in Siebenbürgen, vol. I-VIII. Sibiu-Bucureşti: Druck von W. Krafft – Krafft&Drotleff – Editura Academiei Române, 1892-1991 (available on-line: http://siebenbuergenurkundenbuch.uni-trier.de/).

Quellen zur Geschichte der Stadt Kronstadt, vol. IX Zunfturkunden 1420-1580. Edited by Gernot Nussbächer, Elisabeta Marin. Braşov-Heidelberg: Editura Aldus – Arbeitskreis für Siebenbürgische Landeskunde e. V., 1999.

Narrative sources:

Breve Chronicon Daciae. In Quellen zur Geschichte der Stadt Kronstadt/Brassó, vol. IV, (Kronstadt: Druck von A. Gust, 1903), 1-10.

Griengrass, Lucas. Scheda memorialis, anno 1528 scripta cippoque sive pinnaculo turris in foro Coronensi imposita. In QuellenzurGeschichte der Stadt Kronstadt/Brassó, vol. IV, 523-528. Kronstadt: Druck von A. Gust, 1903.

Nösner, Simon. Res actae quaedam in partibus Hungariae et Transsilvaniae. In Quellen zur Geschichte der Stadt Kronstadt/Brassó, vol. IV, 154-174. Kronstadt: Druck von A. Gust, 1903.

Ostermayer, Hieronymus. Historien. In Quellen zur Geschichte der Stadt Kronstadt/Brassó, vol. IV, 496-522. Kronstadt: Druck von A. Gust, 1903.

Reichesdorffer, Georg. Chorographia Transylvaniae. In Călători străini privind Ţările Române [Foreign Travellers on the Romanian Principalities], ed. Maria Holban, 207-226. Bucureşti: Editura Ştiinţifică, 1968.

“The German Stories about Vlad III Dracula”. In Kurt W. Treptow, Vlad III Dracula. The Life and Times of the Historical Dracula, 216-223. Iaşi-Oxford-Portland: The Center for Romanian Studies, 2000.

Further reading:

Das Burzenland, vol. III, part I. Kronstadt. Kronstadt: Verlag des Burzenländer Sächsisches Museum, 1928.

Cîmpeanu, Liviu. “Cele mai vechi cronici săseşti din Transilvania. Cronicarii saşi din Braşov şi scrierile lor în secolul al XVI-lea.” [“The Oldest Saxon Chronicles of Transylvania. The Saxon Chroniclers of Braşov and Their Writings in the 16th Century”]. Studii şi Materiale de Istorie Medie, nr. XXIX (2011): 215-230.

Cîmpeanu, Liviu. “Organizarea militară a Braşovului până la sfârşitul secolului al XV-lea.” [“The Military Organisation of Braşov Until the End of the 15th century”]. In Studii de istorie a oraşelor. In honorem Paul Niedermaier, ed. Vasile Ciobanu, Dan Dumitru Iacob, (Bucureşti-Brăila: 2017), 336-359.

Herrmann, George Michael Gottlieb von. Das alte Kronstadt. Eine siebenbürgische Stadt- und Landesgeschichte bis 1800. Edited by Berhard Heigl and Thomas Şindilariu. Köln-Weimar-Viena: Böhlau Verlag, 2010.

Kronstadt. Eine siebenbürgische Stadtgeschichte. Edited by Harald Roth. München: Universitas Verlag, 1999.

Nussbächer, Gernot. Caietele Corona [The Corona Books], vol. I-V. Braşov: Editura Aldus, 2002-2006.

Roth, Harald. Kronstadt in Siebenbürgen. Eine kleine Stadtgeschichte. Köln-Weimar-Viena: Böhlau Verlag, 2010.

Seraphin, Friedrich Wilhelm. “Kronstadt zur Zeit des Honterus.” In Aus der Zeit der Reformation. Vorträge gehalten im Auditorium des ev. Gymnasiums A. B. in Kronstadt in den Jahren 1897 und 1898. Festschrift zur Honterusfeier. Kronstadt: Buchdruckerei Schlandt, 1898, 295-377.

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