Acasă Articole RTR Dorin-Ioan Rus, Travel rituals and the fear of the forest at the...

Dorin-Ioan Rus, Travel rituals and the fear of the forest at the journeymen in Transylvania

436
Rezumat

Travel Rituals and the Fear of the Forest at the Journeymen in Transylvania

An important aspect in the formation of the character of the young journeymen in Transylvania is defined by the paradigm of travel culture: the wandering years of journeymen. The moment of their departure on the journey was special, because it involved their initiation, their acquaintance with life by passing through several perils. That is why the moment of departure had an initiation role and represented an important event. For instance, the ritual described, narrates one of the most interesting and fascinating aspects from the life of a journeyman, that of the travel. It is about the speech the Father of smith journeymen held in front of a young journeyman who was about to start his journey to gain knowledge in the world. The forest also appears as the center of the projections of the individual and collective consciousness within a community. The main focus of the present article is the analysis of the perception of nature and the forest by means of a text on the “wandering years” of a journeyman. The secondary focus is the following of the manner in which group solidarity was forged within journeymen brotherhoods.

Keywords: fear, forest, journeyman, projections, rituals, travel.

Bibliografie
  • “Article of the Hat-making guild”, at ANDJ-Mureş, the archival fond of the Evangelical Parish in Sighişoara – guild documents, no. 80, year 1740.
  • Frisius Ernst: “The Absolving of a Smith Journeyman,” in: Bruno Brandl and Günther Creutzburg, The Guild box. The Perspective of Craftsmanship in Literature from 15th to 19th century, Berlin, 1973.
  • Hiller Helmut: Encyclopedia of superstition, München, 1986.
  • Maurer, Michael: Cultural history, in Michael Maurer (Hrsg.), Layout of historical Science, Köln, 2004.
  • Münch Paul: Ways of life in the early modern, Frankfurt, Berlin, 1992.
  • Simmel Georg: “Sociologie of the mealtime”, in: Bridge and Door, edited by M. Landmann, Stuttgart, 1957, pp. 243-250.
DISTRIBUIȚI