Muzeul de Etnografie Brașov; The Ethnography Museum Brasov
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Antropologie și etnologie
Sensitive Discourse and Collective Memory of Drăguș village concerning Dimitrie Gusti′s Research after 70 years (2000-2001)
The research in Drăguș village started by monographists in 1929 is considered by specialists to be a model for village investigation. During the field campaigns carried out in 2000 and 2001, the Ethnography Museum of Brașov took over the traces left by Dimitrie Gusti and his team in Drăguș; the main goal was to recover the memory of the villagers related to the presence of the monographists in the village, in 1929, 1932 and 1937. The visual support given by the National Village Museum in Bucharest, which by the way owns a rich photographic archive, was extremely useful to initiate our research.
During the interviews, the people who met the monographists were identified in photographs, there were recovered unique photographs existing in the Drăguş villagers’ houses and held in a place of honour, which had been given to them by the monographists. The main point of the research conducted by the Ethnography Museum of Brașov was oriented towards the villager′s memories and events retold by the family elders and passed on to the following generations. The thematic structure of the interview guide concentrated on the major themes that gain the interest of the monographists in Drăguș, namely the events connected with the life cycles, the agrarian rituals, as well as moments of the everyday life, all of them captured on camera. The interviews also included information about the Hussars′ Club, more exactly about Isac Stanimir whose peasant portrait – opinion leader in his village, among the few people in Drăguș who went to school – was the object of Traian Herseni′s research. Furthermore, the interviews concentrated on memories about the anthological recordings of Constantin Brăiloiu, the ethnomusicologist who handed down to posterity an invaluable folklore archive, e.g. where such folklore recordings were made, how did Brăiloiu proceeded with its subjects, how did he recorded on the phonograph etc.
Another thematic direction concentrated on the social benefits from the actions undertaken by the monographists for the village development, i.e. the establishment of the Cultural Community Center, of the Peasant School, the seminars on household hygiene, support offered to introduce new vegetable varieties in order to make the land more profitable. The relationship between villagers from Drăguş and the National Village Museum in Bucharest was the third thematic segment pursued in interviews, by identifying the persons who appeared in photographs from the museum’s archive; this was a unique aspect of the research, with real possibilities to reconstruct a phase of the early stages of this important institution from Bucharest.
Keywords: Dimitrie Gusti, Drăguş, Ethnography Museum of Braşov, National Village Museum “Dimitrie Gusti” Bucharest, Collective memory
The D. Gusti Archive, The National Village Museum “Dimitrie Gusti”. https://www.muzeul-satului.ro.
The Audio Collection of The Ethnographyc Museum Brașov (2000-2001). https://etnobrasov.ro.