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Date arheologice preliminare despre cercetările arheologice de la Alba Iulia- Stația de Salvare (1981)

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Preliminary Archaeological Data Regarding the Archaeological Research from Alba Iulia-Stația de Salvare (1981)

The present article is based upon a series of unpublished information included in the second report regarding the research developed within the Alba Iulia “Stația de Salvare” necropolis in 1981. This concise report was kept in two manuscripts written by Mihai Blăjan and discusses the investigation of a number of 250 Roman and Early Medieval graves at which are added some other complexes (three dwellings from the 8th century and a fountain from the 2nd -3rd centuries. The Roman graves belong to the two rites (inhumation and incineration) and present several variations with regard to the sepulchral pits. In the case of the Roman complexes, one can also observe brick sarcophagi that are still intact or that were ravaged or profaned during the Antiquity period. In some other situations, the already mentioned complexes were damaged by other medieval graves or by municipal and drainage works undertaken within the area of the necropolis. The funerary inventory of the deceased (children and adults) was quite diverse and was composed of buckles, gold and bronze rings, glass beads, dices made out of bone, a clay doll, fibula fragments, hair pins, nails, coins and ceramic or glass pots. As for the Early Medieval graves, part of them can be attributed to the first horizon (the cultural group Blandiana A-Alba Iulia) based on the elements of rite and funeral ritual observed. The rest belongs to the second horizon dating back from the 10th-11th centuries. The deceased (children and adults) were buried in simple pits or in sepulchral pits coated with lithic material and sometimes animal offerings (horses, sheep, bovine, remains of chicken and eggs) were found in the graves. The funerary inventory contains coins, jewelry, household items, weapons and ceramics. The investigations carried out within the necropolis are of outmost importance for the history of the Romanian space from the perspective of the political, military and religious events around 1000. The same emphasis lays also upon the implicit interferences existing between the indigenous community and the enclaves existing in this area (Bulgarians, Magyars). Furthermore, this data is likely to elucidate the situation of Christianity in the area and can also clarify the theory of the so-called “Bălgrad Voivodeship,” the occurrence of which can only be considered during Gyula’s dissidence.

Keywords: Alba Iulia, Transylvania, necropolis, Roman, Middle Ages, offering.

Bibliografie

Blăjan, M., and Al. Popa. “Cercetările arheologice de la Alba Iulia-‘Stația de Salvare’.” [The Archaeological Research from Alba Iulia-‘Stația de Salvare’]. In Materiale și Cercetări Arheologice. A XV-a Sesiune Anuală de Rapoarte. Muzeul Județean Brașov, 1981, 376-380. Bucharest, 1983.
Blăjan, M., Cercetările arheologice de la Stația de Salvare (1981) [Archaeological Research from Stația de Salvare (1981)]. mss.
Blăjan, M., E. Stoicovici, and D. Botezatu. “Monedele descoperite în cimitirul feudal timpuriu (sec. XI) de la Alba Iulia – Str. Vânătorilor (1979-1980). Studiu metalografic, numismatic şi etnologic” [Les monnaies découvertes dans ke cimetière feudal ancient (XI e siècle) d’ Akba Iulia – Rue Vînătorilor (1979/1980)]. Apulum, no. XXVII-XXX (1990-1993): 273-292.
Dragotă, Aurel, and M. Blăjan. “Graves with Military Equipment from the Necropolis in Alba‑Iulia ‘Statia de Salvare’ (1979–1981), horizon II*. Orbis Medievalis II. Inter tempora. The Chronology of the Early Medieval Period. Issues, Approaches, Results. Inter tempora. Cronologia perioadei medievale timpurii Probleme, abordări, rezultate.” In Lucrările conferinței naționale Arad, 26–29 septembrie 2018 [Proceedings of the national conference Arad, 26th–29th September 2018], edited by Florin Mărginean, Ioan Stanciu, and Keve László, 197-227 (Cluj-Napoca: Editura Mega, 2019).
Dragotă, Aurel. “Morminte cu echipament militar din orizontul II al necropolei de la Alba Iulia- Stația de Salvare (1979-1981)” [Graves with Equipment from the Second Horizon of Alba Iulia-‘Stația de Salvare’ Necropolis (1979-1981)]. Transilvania XLVII (CLI), no. 5-6, (2019): 107-124.
Dragotă, Aurel. “Ofranda de pasăre în necropolele din secolele X-XI de la Alba Iulia” [Bird Offerings in Tenth-Eleventh Century Necropolises from Alba-Iulia]. Transilvania XLVII (CLI), no. 7 (2019): 87-88.
Dragotă, Aurel, and M. Blăjan. “Bird Offerings in the 10th–11th Centuries Necropolises From Alba Iulia*.” Ziridava. Studia Archaeologica, no. 33 (2019): 153-170.

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