Universitatea „Lucian Blaga” din Sibiu; “Lucian Blaga” University of Sibiu
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The Chronology of Bucovina’s Union with Romania (II):
The Romanian Intervention in Bucovina and its Union with Romania (8-28 November 1918)
During the dissolution of Habsburg Austria, the Ukrainians organized a National Assembly in Lviv on October 19 and declared the establishment of the Ukrainian state, stretching from the San River in the west (today, in south-eastern Poland) to the Siret River in the east (thus including the northern half of Bukovina).
The Romanians in Bukovina held a Constituent Assembly on October 27 and decided the unification of the whole Bukovina with Romania. On November 1, 1918, the Ukrainians organized a coup d’état and took over Eastern Galicia, and on November 6, the city of Chernivtsi.
Upon the request of the Romanian Constituent Assembly, the Romanian Royal Army entered Bukovina, and on November 12, occupied the city of Chernivtsi, from which the Ukrainian soldiers and officials had fled. The Romanian National Council, established by the Constituent Assembly, took over the power in Bukovina, issued a new constitution of the country and instituted a Romanian government in Bukovina.
On November 28, the Romanian government organized a Congress of all the inhabitants of Bukovina, which proclaimed the union of the province with Romania. The German and the Polish inhabitants of the province officially attended the Congress and sanctioned the union; the Jewish community boycotted the Congress, while only 13 unofficial representatives of the Ukrainian community from several Ruthenian villages participated. On November 30, prayers of thanksgiving were offered in the Catholic, Evangelical and Orthodox cathedrals, as well as in a synagogue in Chernivtsi.
Keywords: Bukovina, Romania, Iancu Flondor, Aurel Onciul, Wassiklo, the Bukovina Congress, Stanislav Kwiatkowski, Alois Lebouton, Viktor Glondys.