Romanian Academy, Iasi Branch Academia Română, Filiala din Iaşi
E-mail personal autor:
9 / 2011
The dialectic between subject and landscape Salman Rushdie’s „Midnight’s Children“
In this paper we aim to undertake an analysis of the way in which some loanwords of French origin in the Romanian language were valued in the prose language of the interwar period, having as a support text the novel Disheveled Virgins by Hortensia Papadat-Bengescu. We refer both to the lexical loans that adapted themselves from a phonetic, spelling, morphological and semantic point of view to the system of the Romanian language and which were unconsciously taken over by the writer as inherent elements of her working language (loanwords) and to the un-adapted or partially adapted loans (xenisms) used deliberately, with stylistic purpose, to individualize the characters and achieve linguistic realism. We can notice that Hortensia Papadat-Bengescu tends to use old lexical variants that belonged to early stages of integration of the French neologism and which differ from the forms provided by the dictionaries of that period.
Keywords: loanword, xenism, linguistic contact, stylistic effect, loanword adaptation
- Ahmad, Aijaz. “In Theory: Classes, Nations, Literatures. New York: Verso, 1992 and 2000.
- Bardolph, Jaqueline. “Language is Courage.” Reading Rushdie. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1994.
- Bhabha, Homi. “Signs Taken for Wonders.” The Post-Colonial Studies Reader. Ed. Bill Ashcroft, Gareth Griffiths, and Helen Tiffin. London: Routledge, 1995. 29-35.
- Bromley, Roger. Narratives for a New Belonging: Diasporic Cultural Fictions. Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP, 2000.
- Hall, Stuart. “Cultural Identity and Diaspora.” Colonial Discourse and Post—Colonia Theory: A Reader. Ed. Patrick Williams and Laura Chrisman. New York: Columbia UP, 1994. 392-403.
- * * * “The Question of Cultural Identity,” Modernity and Its Future, ed. Stuart Hall (Cambridge: Polity, 1992) 291.
- Kristeva, Julia. The Kristeva Reader. Trans. Toril Moi. London: Blackwell, 1986.
- * * *. Strangers to Ourselves. Trans. Leon S. Roudiez. New York: Hill, 1972.
- Lacan, Jacques. Écrits. New York: Norton, 1977.
- * * *. The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psychoanalysis. New York: Norton, 1978.
- Lyotard, Jean-François. The Postmodern Condition. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1984.
- Philip, Marlene Nourbese. She Tries Her Tongue, Her Silence Softly Breaks. London: Women’s, 1993.
- Rushdie, Salman. Imaginary Homelands: Essays and Criticisms 1981-1991. London: Granta, 1991.
- * * *. Midnight’s Children. London: Granta, 1981.