Acasă Articole RTR Confruntarea dintre gimnosofia atletică şi cea ascetică

Confruntarea dintre gimnosofia atletică şi cea ascetică

451
Rezumat

The Confrontation between Athletic and Ascetic Gymnosophy

The civilization of Hellas has celebrated the triad of Truth, Beauty and Good with the triumph of the athletic nude within the art and life of the city. Reaching its peak through the glory of Alexander the Great, the Greek culture received the response of an Oriental culture that was striving for perfection through the same fundamental concept – the naked body. However, the Indian gymnosophists were not seeking the aesthetic perfection of the body but they were practicing ascesis for their spiritual liberation. Their worldview proclaimed the body as a simple and humble instrument for becoming and their abstinent lives proved paradigmatic for Buddhist, Christian and Muslim monks. The nude representations in Hindu art appear much later, but the impressive size of the statue of Gommateshwara from the city of Shravanabelagola carries on the rhetorical confrontation between the athletic and ascetic gymnosophies.

Keywords: Truth, beauty and goodness, athletic and ascetic gymnosophy, public nudity, corporeal media, nude as emitter, receiver, vehicle, message.

Bibliografie

Clement Alexandrinul, Stromatele / Stromatae, Ed. Institutului Biblic şi de Misiune al Bisericii Ortodoxe Române, Bucureşti, 1982.

Umberto Eco, Istoria frumuseții / History of Beauty, Ed. Enciclopedia Rao, Bucureşti, 2005.

Dan Hăulică, Nostalgia sintezei / The Nostalgia of Synthesis, Ed. Eminescu, Bucureşti, 1984.

Nikolaus Himmelmann, Ideale Nacktheit in der griechischen Kunst / The Ideal Nudity in the Greek Art, Walter DeGruyter, Berlin, New York ,1990.

Jeffrey M. Hurwit, The Problem with Dexileos: Heroic and Other Nudities in Greek Art, în American Journal of Archaeology, vol.111, January 2007.

Aileen Goodson, Therapy, Nudity & Joy: the Therapeutic Use of Nudity Trough the Ages From Ancient Ritual to Modern Psychology, Elysium Growth Press, Los Angeles, 1991.

Paul LeValley, Ancient India, în Clothed with the Sun, vol.6.4, 1986-87.

Wladyslaw Tatarkiewicz, Istoria esteticii / History of Aesthetics, vol.1, Ed. Meridiane, Bucureşti, 1978.

DISTRIBUIȚI