Universitatea „Lucian Blaga” din Sibiu, Facultatea de Științe Socio-Umane
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1 / 2018
County heads and counties in medieval Banat, Crișana and Maramureș
as reflected by documents issued between 1201-1241
The expansion of the Hungarian realm has met its final phase of incorporating Transylvania during the first half of the 13th century. This territory began to be attached to the realm during the start of the 11thcentury. That process ended sometime during the first decades of the1200s. At the same time with the realm’s expansion, the territorial restructuring of Transylvania took place. This had started during the last decades of the previous century, when the first so called counties had emerged. The counties of Banat, Crișana and Maramureș had entered a phase of reorganization during the first half of the 13thcentury. This phase was triggered by the realm’s administrative policies. The present paper aims to portray the evolution of the medieval administrative-territorial structures in the eastern part of the Hungarian realm, with emphasis on the counties located in what is currently known as Banat, Crișana and Maramureș, namely the western and south-western part of Romania. In comparison with the previous century, the first half of the 13th one is rich in primary sources, in documents, which allow us to trace back the historical evolution of these particular administrative-territorial units.
Keywords: medieval documents, counties, 13th century in Transylvania, Banat, Crișana, Maramureș.