Acasă Articole RTR Bogdan Creţu, Bestiarul lui Cantemir: de la cunoaşterea religioasă la raţionalism

Bogdan Creţu, Bestiarul lui Cantemir: de la cunoaşterea religioasă la raţionalism

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Rezumat

Cantemir’s Bestiary: from religious knowledge to rationalism

The present study departs from the almost axiomatic belief that Dimitrie Cantemir is the first Romanian writer with a conscious approach to literature. His literary intentions and his models are obvious, developing a complex poetic system. While examining them, one notices an evolution from Cantemir’s earier writings, still indebted to the Christian tradition, to the later ones, mainly the Hieroglyphical History, where the Christian tradition of the zoomorphical creatures is purposely modified in a modern manner. For the medieval writer, the rigid observation of the symbol was a moral obligation; for Cantemir, the condition of the writer also involved the manipulation and alteration of the traditional symbols. Thus, he acts like the first Romanian rationalist and one of the few in South-Eastern Europe.
Keywords: Romanian literature, XVIIIth century, Dimitrie Cantemir, Hieroglyphical History, bestiary, Christian tradition, modern conscience, rationalism.

Bibliografie
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