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Aspecte legate de problema Basarabiei în negocierile politice și comerciale dintre Ucraina și România din anul 1918

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Aspects of the problem of Bessarabia in the political and commercial negotiations between Ukraine and Romania in 1918

The article addresses the issue of Bessarabia in the Romanian-Ukrainian political-diplomatic relations in 1918, when the leader of the Ukrainian state was the hetman Pavlo Skoropadsky. Unlike the predecessors of the Central Rada of Kiev, who had a friendlier policy towards Romania, in order to gain recognition in the international arena of the new Ukrainian state, Skoropadsky’s government decided to stop commercial relations and reduce diplomatic relations until the settlement of the issue on the affiliation of the counties from northern and southern Bessarabia, which the Ukrainian side considered most as Ukrainian. The article cites the memoirs of the Ukrainian Foreign Minister of that period, Dmytro Doroşenko, which refers to the activity of the Romanian commercial mission in Kiev in September 1918, as well as unpublished documents from the State Archives of Ukraine, regarding the Romanian-Ukrainian relations at the beginning of the twentieth century.

Keywords: Romanian-Ukrainian relations, Pavlo Skoropadsky, Constantin Contescu, Dmytro Doroşenko, Ukrainian State, Bessarabia

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