Acasă Articole RTR Andrei Terian, On the Romanian Biographical Novel: Fictional Representations of Mircea Eliade...

Andrei Terian, On the Romanian Biographical Novel: Fictional Representations of Mircea Eliade and Ioan Petru Culianu


On the Romanian Biographical Novel:
Fictiona Representations of Mircea Eliade and Ioan Petru Culianu

By choosing as starting point the biographical novels dedicated to Mircea Eliade and Ioan Petru Culianu, this study examines the reluctance shown to this narrative form by contemporary Romanian literature and it also explores some of the structural features of the biographical novel as genre. Thus, despite the obvious reconnection of Romanian literature to the world literary space over the last decades, the suspicion of this cultural system towards fictional processing of biographical data is explained by the post-communist condition of Romanian literature, namely by its imperative to rediscover the historical truths that have been obscured by the communist ideology. Regarding the genre conventions of the biographical novel, this study emphasizes, in contrast to much of contemporary research of this form, its predominantly literary nature, manifested by its polemic placement against modernism aesthetics, by its propensity for certain narrative motives and scenarios, and by the configuration of various specific intertextual webs.
Keywords: world literary space, (semi)peripheral literatures, Romanian fiction, biographical novel, modernism, Mircea Eliade, Ioan Petru Culianu

  • Bellow, Saul. Ravelstein. New York: Viking Press, 2000.
  • Croce, Benedetto. Vite din avventure, di fede i di passione/Lifes of adventure, faith and passion. Bari: Laterza, 1936.
  • Devi, Maitreyi. It Does Not Die: A Romance. Translated by Maitreyi Devi. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994.
  • Dobrescu, Caius. Minoic/ Minoan. Iași: Polirom, 2011. Eliade, Mircea. Bengal Nights: A Novel. Translated by Catherine Spencer. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994.
  • Gatti, Claudio. Il presagio. Un thriller esoterico/ The Omen: An Esoteric Thriller. Milano: Rizzoli, 1996.
  • Guignery, Vanessa. “David Lodge’s Author, Author and the Genre of the Biographical Novel”. Etudes Anglaises, Vol. 60, No. 2, April-June 2007, pp. 160-172.
  • Keener, John F. Biography and The Postmodern Historical Novel. New York: The Edwin Mellen Press, 2001.
  • Lackey, Michael. “Introduction: The Rise of the American Biographical Novel”. In Truthful Fictions. Conversations with American Biographical Novelists. New York: Bloomsbury, 2014, pp. 1-26.
  • Lodge, David. The Year of Henry James or, Timing is All: the Story of a Novel. With other essays on the genesis, composition and reception of literary fiction. London: Harvill Secker, 2006.
  • Lovinescu, E.[ugen]. Mite. București: Adeverul, 1934.
  • Lovinescu, E.[ugen]. Bălăuca/Blondie. București: Adeverul, 1935.
  • Lukacs, Georg. The Historical Novel. London: Merlin, 1962. [1947] .
  • Manea, Norman. The Lair. Translated by Oana Sanziana Marian. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2012.
  • Petrescu, Cezar. Romanul lui Eminescu/ Eminescu’s Novel, 3 vol. București: Naționala-Ciornei, 1935-1937.
  • Pricop, Cezar: Patria de carton. Moartea lui I. P. Culianu/Cardboard Homeland. I. P. Culianu’s Death. Pitești: Paralela 45, 2005.
  • Schabert, Ina. “Fictional Biography, Factual Biography, and their Contaminations”. Biography, Vol. 5, No. 1, Winter 1982, pp. 1-16.
  • Stone, Irving, John O’Hara and MacKinlay Kantor. Three Views ofthe Novel. Lectures Presented Under the Auspices of the Gertrude Clarke Whittall Poetry and Literature Fund. Washington: The Library of Congress, 1957.
  • Terian, Andrei. G. Călinescu. A cincea esență/ G. Călinescu. The Fifth Essence. București: Cartea Românească, 2009.
  • Thibaudet, Albert. Réflexions sur le roman/ Reflections on the Novel. Paris: Gallimard, 1938.
  • Woolf, Virginia. The Death of the Moth and Other Essays. London: Hogarth Press, 1942.