Acasă Articole RTR Alina Crihană, Ipostazele lectorului în scriitura autobiografică şi memorialistică posttotalitară

Alina Crihană, Ipostazele lectorului în scriitura autobiografică şi memorialistică posttotalitară

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Rezumat

The Hypostases of the Reader in Post-Totalitarian Autobiographical and Memorialistic Writing

To the extent that personal histories, destined for publication, are created in relation to a universe of reception, identity discourses undergoing constraints conditioned by the “official self-presentation” (P. Bourdieu), autobiographical and memorialistic stories published in post-communist Romania cannot be interpreted outside a connection with the reader, as social individual and textual instance (the implied reader): reconstructing a “totalizing” history where to recognized himself, the author-narrator textually projects his “ideal” image of the self (even when he simulates objectivity, going as far as self-criticism), capable of “seducing” the real reader, while also creating its implied reader, as textual strategy. In our article, we intend to trace the manner in which the post-war writer relates, in the present, in the “life stories”, to his own positioning in the cultural field circumscribed to the age of dictatorship and to identify, from the perspective of the aesthetics of reception, the role played by the reader – real, as well as implied – in the identity reconstructions detectable at the level of the texts in the corpus.

Keywords: autobiographic and memorialistic narrative, (auto)biographical ideology, narrative identity, horizon of expectation, implied  reader

 

Bibliografie

Corpus

  • Călinescu, Matei, Vianu, Ion, Amintiri în dialog [Memories in Dialogue], ediţia a III-a, Polirom, Iaşi, 2005
  • Manea, Norman, Anii de ucenicie ai lui August Prostul [The Apprenticeship Years of Augustus the Fool] (ediţia a II-a, revăzută), Polirom, Iaşi, 2005
  • Manea, Norman, Despre Clovni: Dictatorul şi Artistul [On Clowns: The Dictator and the Artist] (ediţia a II-a, revăzută), Iaşi, Polirom, 2005

Studies

  • Bourdieu, Pierre, L’Illusion biographique [The biographical Illusion], în Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales, iunie 1986, Vol. 62-63
  • Bourdieu, Pierre, Questions de sociologie [Sociology in Question], Minuit, Paris, 2002
  • Clerc, Thomas, Les écrits personnels [Personal Writings], Hachette, Paris, 2001
  • Eco, Umberto, Lector in fabula. Cooperare interpretativă în textele narative [The Reader in the Story: Interpretative Cooperation in Narrative Texts], Bucureşti, Univers, 1991
  • Hubier, Sébastien, Littératures intimes. Les expressions du moi, de l’autobiographie à l’autofiction [Intimate Literatures.The Expressions of the Self, from Autobiography to Autofiction], Armand Colin, Paris, 2005
  • Iser, Wolfgang, L’Acte de lecture [The Act of Reading], Bruxelles, P. Mardaga, 1985
  • Lejeune, Philippe, Le pacte autobiographique. Nouvelle édition augmentée [The Autobiographical Pact], Seuil, Paris, 1996
  • MacIntyre, Alasdair, After Virtue, a Study in Moral Theory, Notre Dame (Ind.), University of Notre Dame Press, 1981
  • Miraux, Jean-Philippe, L’autobiographie. Ecriture de soi et sincérité [The Autobiography. Writing of the Self and Sincerity], 3e édition, Armand Colin, Paris, 2009
  • Ricœur, Paul, Soi-même comme un autre [Oneself as Another], Paris, Seuil, 1990
  • Ricœur, Paul, Temps et récit I. L’intrigue et le temps historique [Time and Narrative, Volume I], Paris, Seuil, 1983
  • Ricœur, Paul, Temps et récit III. Le temps raconté [Time and Narrative, Volume III], Paris, Seuil, 1985

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