Acasă Articole RTR Alexandru Muşina, Gheorghe Crăciun – de la sintaxa realităţii la singurătatea ontologică

Alexandru Muşina, Gheorghe Crăciun – de la sintaxa realităţii la singurătatea ontologică


Gheorghe Crăciun: from the syntax of reality to the ontological solitude

The author analyzes the six keywords which define the evolution of Gheorghe Crăciun’s (one of the most important contemporary Romanian prose writers) work and thought: syntax, photography, rewriting (resemantization), body, author, loneliness. In his poems from the beginning of the 70s and in the volume “Original documents, legalized copies”, Crăciun puts
forward a new narrative and poetic syntax, permitting a more effective exploration and expression of the world in the Gutenberg Galaxy, subsequent to the generalization of scripturality. A radical poetics, excluding the use of metaphor, metonimy, symbol, of pre-existent cultural codes, through the limitation to one, also new, “morphological” support: photographic image. The next step – the resemantization of discourse – is taken with the rewriting (resemantization) of certain more or less known literary works (among which Longos’s “Daphnis and Chloe” or a poem-fairy tale by Eminescu), with the bringing forth of the body and of a new type of author (according with Rimbaud’s concept: “Je est un autre”), in “Composition with unequal parallel bars” and “The beauty with no body”. In the core of his opus magnum, “Pupa Russa”, there lies loneliness, subsuming all other keywords. The heroine of the novel, Leontina, is an icon of the postmodern woman: a phantasm, a toy for the adults, a beautiful carcass containing other carcasses, caught in the loneliness of her body, refusing herself maternity. The conclusion of Crăciun’s scriptural adventure is: the only thing connecting people today is the syntax of their loneliness.

Keywords: contemporary Romanian prose, Gheorghe Crăciun, syntax, photography, rewriting (resemantization), body, author, loneliness

  • Barthes, Roland – „Le Degré zéro de l’écriture” / “The zero degree of writing”, Seuil, Paris, 1953
  • Baudrillard, Jean – „Le Système des objets” / “The system of the objects”, Gallimard, Paris, 2000
  • Bloom, Harold – „Anxietatea influenţei” / “The anxiety of influence”, Editura Paralela 45, 2008
  • Chomsky, Noam – „Cunoaşterea limbii” / “Knowledge of language”, Editura Ştiinţifică, Bucureşti, 19965.
  • Crăciun, Gheorghe – „Acte originale. Copii legalizate” / “Original papers. Legalized copies”, Editura Cartea Românească, Bucureşti, 1982
  • Crăciun, Gheorghe – „Compunere cu paralele inegale” / “Composition with unequal parallel bars”, Cartea Românească, Bucureşti, 1988
  • Crăciun, Gheorghe – „Frumoasa fără corp” / “The beauty with no body”, Cartea Românească, Bucureşti, 1993
  • Crăciun, Gheorghe – „Mecanica fluidului” / “The mechanics of the fluid”, Editura Cartier, Chişinău, 2003
  • Crăciun, Gheorghe – „Pupa russa”, Humanitas, Bucureşti, 2004 Crăciun, Gheorghe – „Trupul ştie mai mult. Fals jurnal la Pupa russa”
  • / “The body knows more. Fake diary at Pupa russa”, Editura Paralela 45, Piteşti, 2006
  • Crăciun, Gheorghe – „Pactul somatografic” / “The somatographic pact”, Editura Paralela 45, Piteşti, 2009
  • Crăciun, Gheorghe – „Viciile lumii postmoderne” / “The vices of postmodern world”, Tracus Arte, Bucureşti, 2011
  • Derrida, Jacques – „L’Écriture et la différence” / “The writing and the difference”, Seuil, Paris, 1967
  • Flaubert, Gustave – „Doamna Bovary” / “Madam Bovary”, Editura pentru Literatură Universală, 1967
  • Flaubert, Gustave – „Salambô”, Editura pentru Literatură Universală, 1967
  • Foucault, Michel – „Les Mots et les choses” / “Words and things”, Gallimard, Paris, 1966
  • Longos, Heliodor – „Dafnis şi Cloe. Teagene şi Haricleea”, Editura Minerva, 1970
  • McLuhan, Marshall – „Texte esenţiale” / “Essential texts”, Nemira Bucureşti, 2006
  • Perec, Georges – „Lucrurile” / “Things”, Editura pentru Literatură Universală, 1967
  • Podoabă, Virgil – „Fenomenologia punctului de plecare” / “The phenomenology of the departure point”, Editura Universităţii Transilvania, Braşov, 2008
  • Saussure, Ferdinand de – „Cours de linguistique générale” / „Course in general linguistics”, Payot, Genève, 1995
  • Sebeok, Thomas A. – „Signs. An introduction to Semiotics”, Toronto University Press, 1994
  • Steiner, George – „După Babel. Aspecte ale limbii şi ale traducerii” / “After Babel. Aspects of language and translation”, Editura Univers, 1983.