Universitatea „Lucian Blaga” din Sibiu, Departamentul de Istorie, Patrimoniu și Teologie Protestantă / Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, Department of History, Heritage, and Protestant Teology
E-mail personal autor:
The Royal Family in Sibiu in the first years after the Union
The visits undertaken by representatives of the royal family in Transylvania in the interwar period have a special meaning. The physical presence of members of the dynasty of Romania represented an act of affirmation of the legitimacy and suzerainty over the territory acquired in 1918. This was even more necessary under the circumstances that after the First World War the political circles in Hungary launched a sudden campaign of an unprecedented vehemence and scale, asking for the support of the international public opinion and of the governments of the Western countries, for the revision of the Trianon Treaty, which had ‘mutilated’ the Hungarian state borders, aiming at the restitution of Transylvania which had been unfairly ‘torn off’ the body of Hungary. Also, one should not forget that the Transylvanian Romanians had lived for more than two centuries under an imperial regime in which the myth of ‘the good emperor’ had been deeply engraved in the collective mentality. A new symbolic image meant to replace the picture of the former sovereigns had to be engineered. Through the major reasons that it fulfilled in the national movement of the Transylvanian Romanians in the modern age, through its exceptional contribution to the defense and development of the national culture, by its institutions and great scholars, the town of Sibiu individualized itself strongly and forever in the Romanian history. Therefore, the town could not be omitted by the royal family in its visits in Transylvania and, indeed, the presence of the sovereigns of Romania is repeatedly reported in Sibiu in the first interwar decade. The study aims to capture the way the residents of Sibiu reacted to these events.
Keywords: Romanian royal family, Sibiu, dynasticism, Astra, Cavalry School
Boboc, Daniel-Valeriu, Ritualurile puterii: vizita regelui Ferdinand I în Bucovina și Basarabia în 1920 / The Rituals of Power: The Visit of King Ferdinand I in Bukovina and Bessarabia, Pontes, 2009. No. V, p. 122-131; http://dacoromania.net/article/ritualurile-puterii-vizita-regelui-ferdinand-i-%C3%AEn-bucovina-%C8%99i-basarabia-%C3%AEn-1920.
Casa Regală a României în cronicile “neoficiale” ale “Monitorului Oficial” 1914-1924 – Ferdinand I – vol. I. / The Royal House of Romania in the “Unofficial” Chronisles of the “Official Gazette” 1914-1924 – Ferdinand I – vol. I, coord. comandor dr. Moșneagu, Marian, locotenent colonel dr. Florea,Petrisor, Editura Centrului Tehnic Editorial al Armatei, București, 2010.
Foaia Poporului / The Paper of the People, 1921,1922,1923,1926.
Gazeta Transilvaniei / Gazette of Transylvania, 1919.
Maria, regină a României. Însemnări zilnice / Maria, Queen of Romania. Daily Notes, vol. I, Editura Historia, București, 2006.
Nistor, Nicolae, Marinescu-Frăsinei, M.N., Sibiul și ținutul în lumina istoriei / Sibiu and its Surroundings in History, vol. II, Editura Dacia, Cluj-Napoca, 1990.
Patria / The Nation, 1919.
Racovițan, Mihai, Matei, Pamfil, Sibiul și Marea Unire / Sibiu and The Great Union, Cercul Militar, Sibiu, 1993
Sigerus, Emil Cronica orașului Sibiu / The Chronicle of Sibiu, Editura Imago, Sibiu, 1997.
Gl. Bg. conf. univ. dr. Stoina, Neculai, Racovițan, Mihai, Academia Trupelor de Uscat “Nicolae Bălcescu” Sibiu. 150 de ani de învățământ militar românesc 1847-1997 / Nicolae Bălcescu Land Forces Academy from Sibiu. 150 Years of Romanian Military Education, Editura Tipotrib, Sibiu.
Străuțiu, Eugen, Sibiul între medieval și modern / Sibiu Between the Medieval and the Modern, Editura Etape, Sibiu, 2000.
Telegraful Român / The Romanian Telegraph, 1919.
Unirea Poporului / The Union of the People (nr. poporal al „Unirii”), 1919.