Universitatea „1 Decembrie 1918” din Alba Iulia, Facultatea de Istorie şi Filologie “1st December 1918” University of Alba Iulia, Faculty of History and Philology
E-mail personal autor:
firstname.lastname@example.org, web: http://www.uab.ro/
5-6 / 2014
Oltenia – An Editorial Imperial Episode (1718-1739)
The annexation of Oltenia and Banat was the result of the Austro-Turkish war and the Treaty of Passarowitz (1718) signed by the Habsburg Empire. The change of the political situation influenced the Church life as well, even if Oltenia had been under Austrian rule for 20 years but it did not suffer long term changes during this time. The imposition of various reforms similar to those imposed in Transylvania could not be carried out in such a short interval. The Romanian typography from Râmnic was under the auspices of the Bishopric and started its activity even before the Habsburg Empire conquered Oltenia in 1705: scholar and typographer Antim Ivireanu got involved directly in this matter, and typographer Mihai Iştvanovici followed his example. In 1708, Antim was appointed metropolitan in Bucharest where he probably brought the tools needed for a typography. Having the permission from Vienna, bishop Damaschin Dascălu set up a new typography only in 1724. Many books written in Romanian and Slavonic languages were printed in the typography of Râmnic under the bishops’ auspices and having their financial support. During the Habsburg governance, the typography managed to preserve unaltered the traditional Orthodox content of its books, and the imperial and probably virtual patronage upon the book printing was rather sporadically felt.
Keywords: Oltenia, Vienna, printing house, bookhistory, old Romanian books
- Bărbulescu, M.; Deletant, D.; Hitchins, K.; Papacostea, Ş.; Teodor, P. Istoria României (History of Romania). Bucureşti, Ed. Enciclopedică, 1998.
- Bianu, Ioan; Hodoş, Nerva; Simonescu, Dan. Bibliografia Românească Veche (1508-1830)(Old Romanian Bibliography (1508-1830), I-IV, Bucureşti, 1903-1944.
- Dicţionarul literaturii române de la origini pînă la 1900 (Dictionary of Romanian literature from its origins until 1900), Bucureşti, Editura Academiei RSR, 1979.
- Mârza, Eva. Din istoria tiparlui românesc. Tipografia de la Alba Iulia (1577-1702) (Facts from the History of Romanian Printing. The Printing House from Alba Iulia (1577-1702)), Sibiu, Editura Imago, 1998.
- Papacostea, Şerban. Oltenia sub stăpînirea austriacă (1718-1739) (Oltenia under Austrian domination (1718-1739)). Ediţie îngrijită de Gheorghe Lazăr, Bucureşti, Ed. Enciclopedică, 1998.
- Păcurariu, Mircea. Istoria Bisericii ortodoxe române (Romanian Orthodox Church History), vol. II, ediţia a II-a, Bucureşti, 1994.
- Păcurariu, Mircea. Dicţionarul teologilor români (Dictionary of Romanian Theologians), Bucureşti, Univers Enciclopedic, 1996.