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Etica memoriei și literatura. Două studii de caz: Aleksander Wat și Bertolt Brecht

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The Ethics of Memory and Literature. Two Case Studies: Alexander Wat and Bertolt Brecht

Abstract: The current article applies memory ethics to literature, aiming to observe what happens to poets when their political ideology comes into radical conflict with the very instinct of freedom in which their ideology originates. It happened unfortunately too often that the ideology of the human park led in the 20th century towards genocide – or, with a post-Lemkian terminology, towards classicide, politicide, democide. What happens in these cases with the poet’s writing, what anamorphoses does this malformation of the instinct of freedom produce in his literature (but also in his non-fictional writing)? It is a general question – but its answer is always particular, illustrated by the fate of each of the poets who crossed this conflict of self-contradictory loyalties (loyalty to ideology conflicts with loyalty to “the park human”).The present article will focus on two particular cases illustrating this conflict of loyalties: the Polish poet Aleksander Wat, respectively the German poet Bertolt Brecht. The article docments how each of them reacted when they understood that the totalitarian ideology they had supported (in their case, communism) led to classicide (Michael Mann), class genocide (Stéphane Courtois), politicide (Barbara Harff and Rudolph J. Rummel).

Keywords: 20th century world literature, memory ethics and literature, Aleksander Wat, Bertolt Brecht

Bibliografie

Bibliography

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