Universitatea „Lucian Blaga” din Sibiu, Departamentul de Ştiinţe Politice “Lucian Blaga” University of Sibiu, Department of Political Science
E-mail personal autor:
7 / 2014
Istorie si studii culturale
Transitional justice Romanian style:
Condemning the communist ideology, but not the communist repressors
The debate about transitional justice in post-communist Romania, though vigorously supported by numerous public intellectuals in the early 1990’s, slowly faded away after 2004, for coming at term with a merely symbolic measure, namely officially condemning communism as criminal ideology in 2007. Intellectuals’ satisfaction with symbolic measures instead of effective transitional justice is twofold. On the one hand, the condemnation of communism was a long awaited ideological victory for right-wing intellectuals. On the other hand, the public positions that many of them occupied with the support of right-wing parties in government unable them to accuse political elites in power and to keep pushing for more decisive action against former communist repressors. This inability paves the way for the final rehabilitation and legitimation of former repressors as valuable capitalist entrepreneurs, key businessmen and devoted public servants.
Keywords: Intellectuals, Right-wing parties, Populism, Post-Communism, Romania
- Bugaric, Bojan, “Populism, Liberal Democracy, and the Rule of Law in Central and Eastern Europe”, Communist and Post-Communist Studies, vol. 41, no. 2, 2008, pp. 191-203.
- Ciobanu, Monica, “Criminalising the Past and Reconstructing Collective Memory: The Romanian Truth Commission”, Europe-Asia Studies, vol. 61, no. 2, 2009, pp. 313-336.
- Eyal, Gill, Iván Szelényi and Eleonor Townsley, Making Capitalism without Capitalists: The New Ruling Elites in Eastern Europe, Verso, London, 2001.
- Gherghina, Sergiu and Sergiu MIŞCOIU (eds.), Partide şi personalităţi populiste în România postcomunistă, Institutul European, Iaşi, 2010.
- Levitz, Paul and Grigore Pop-Eleches, “Why No Backsliding? The European Union’s Impact on Democracy and Governance Before and After Accession”, Comparative Political Studies, vol. 43, no. 4, 2010, pp. 457-485.
- Pop-Eleches, Grigore, “Between Historical Legacies and the Promise of Western Integration: Democratic Conditionality after Communism”, East European Politics and Societies, vol. 21, no. 1, 2007, pp. 142-161.
- Pop-Eleches, Grigore, ”A party for all seasons: Electoral adaptation of Romanian Communist successor parties”, Communist and Post-Communist Studies, vol. 41, no. 4, 2008, pp. 465-479.
- Preoteasa, Isabela, “Intellectuals and the public sphere in post-communist Romania: a discourse analytical perspective”, Discourse & Society, vol. 13, no. 2, 2002, pp. 269-292.
- Stan, Lavinia (ed.), Transitional Justice in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union, Routledge, London, 2009.
- Stan, Lavinia and Lucian Turcescu, “The Devil’s Confessors: Priests, Communists, Spies, and Informers”, East European Politics and Societies, vol. 19, no. 4, 2005, pp. 655-685.
- Stan, Lavinia, “Goulash Justice for Goulash Communism? Explaining Transitional Justice in Hungary”, Studia Politica. Romanian Political Science Review, vol. VII, no. 2, 2007, pp. 269-291.
- Stan, Lavinia, “Spies, files and lies: explaining the failure of access to Securitate files”, Communist and Post-Communist Studies, vol. 37, no. 3, 2004, pp. 341-359.
- Stan, Lavinia, “The Vanishing Truth: Politics and Memory in Post-Communist Europe”, East-European Quarterly, vol. 40, no. 4, 2006, pp. 383-408.
- Stan, Lavinia, “Vigilante justice in post-communist Europe”, Communist and Post-Communist Studies, vol. 44, no. 4, 2011, pp. 319-327.
- Szelényi, Iván, “The Prospects and Limits of the East European New Class Project: An Auto-critical Reflection on The Intellectuals on the Road to Class Power”, Politics & Society, vol. 15, no. 2, 1987, pp. 103-144.