Universitatea “Lucian Blaga” din Sibiu, Facultatea de Ştiinţe Socio-Umane / “Lucian Blaga” University of Sibiu, Faculty of Social and Human Sciences
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10 / 2016
The proclamimg of the Romanian Kingdom and the atitude of the Great Powers
Romania’s foreign policy after 1877 was characterized by efforts meant to consolidate its independence and to obtain recognition at international level. To ensure the stability and continuity of the dynasty, the Government in Bucharest took into account, first and foremost, the necessity of regulating the succession to the throne. The eventuality of the proclamation of the Kingdom was circulated both in the country and abroad immediately after the consecration of its independence. The issue, being openly addressed by Bismarck, has found prompt and unequivocal support, nevertheless, in Vienna, the idea was not accepted. Austro-Hungary has also delayed for half a year its acceptance with respect tothe Kingdom only to seize concessions in relation to the Danube and to ensure the Romanian side’s promise to join the „Zweibund”. Having the support of Germany, Brătianu and Carol were able to avoid Haymerle’spressures, so that Vienna will be placed in front of the fulfilled fact when, on 14/26thMarch 1881, the Assembly of Deputies and the Senate in Bucharest solemnly proclaimed Romania a Kingdom. By April 1881 all major European Powers had officially recognized the Kingdom of Romania. The ascension to the rank of Kingdom has strengthened the position of the dynasty in the country, it bestowed the stability of the constitutional-monarchical institutions of the state and increased the cohesion of the population around the Throne.
Keywords: succession to the throne, Bismarck, Austro-Hungary, Germany, European Powers
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