Free Porn
Acasă Articole RTR Colonists, Rulers, Saviors: Philo-Germanism without Germans

Colonists, Rulers, Saviors: Philo-Germanism without Germans


Abstract: Drawing on Cristian Cercel’s 2019 contribution Romania and the Quest for European Identity: Philo-Germanism without Germans, the present article pursues the creation of Romanian philo-Germanism following the 1989 Romanian Revolution in the paradoxical absence of the German minority, which all but disappeared during the early ‘90s; the arguments follow an ethnic group which evolved from being an agent of colonial power in the late Middle Ages to becoming an agent of transnational capital in postcommunist times. Additionally, the article discusses the inflated importance of the German civilizational model as a cure for the perceived shortcomings of a semi-peripheral nation for which self-colonialism, imitative capitalism, brain drain, and labor extractivism were seen as the only conceivable ways of preventing demotion to the status of periphery following the revolution. Lastly, the different manifestations of this cultural stance are represented, as well as how sympathy towards one minority was gradually institutionalized and practiced on a large scale to the detriment of others, chiefly the Hungarians and the Roma, in a case of revived nationalism and ethnocentrism on behalf of the vanishing Germans.


“Traian Băsescu: ‘Omul gras’ din sectorul bugetar trebuie să slăbească în continuare.” Stirile ProTV, April 27, 2013,, [15.03.2023].

Ban, Cornel. “Inter-imperiality: A Political Economy Reading.” Transilvania, no. 10 (2022): 15-22.

Baghiu, Ștefan, Ovio Olaru, and Andrei Terian, eds. Beyond the Iron Curtain: Revisiting the Literary System of Communist Romania. Berlin: Peter Lang, 2021.

Boatcă, Manuela, and Anca Parvulescu. Creolizing the Modern: Transylvania across Empires. Ithaca & London: Cornell University Press, 2022.

Cała, Alina. “Antisemitism Without Jews and Without Antisemites.” In Jewish Studies at the Central European University 2002-2003, edited by Eszter Andor and András Kovács. Budapest: Central European University Press, 2003.

Cercel, Cristian. Romania and the Quest for European Identity. Philo-Germanism without Germans. London, New York: Routledge, 2019.

Cercel, Cristian. “Postwar (West) German–Romanian Relations: Expanding Brubaker’s Analytic Triad.” Nationalism and Ethnic Politics 23, no. 3 (2017): 297-317.

Cercel, Cristian. “Transylvanian Saxon symbolic geographies.” Civilisations 60, no. 2 (2012): 83-101.

Cercel, Cristian. “Romania under Basescu: Aspirations, achievements, and frustrations during his first presidential term.” Europe-Asia Studies 64, no. 6 (2012): 1138-1140.

Ciutacu, Constantin, Luminița Chivu, and Vasile Jean Andrei. “Land grabbing: A review of extent and possible consequences in Romania.” Land Use Policy 62 (2017): 143–150.

Cooper, Thomas. “Herta Müller: Between myths of belonging.” In The exile and return of writers from East-Central Europe: A compendium, edited by John Neubauer and Borbála Zsuzsanna Török, 475-496. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2009.

Dervišević, Haris. “From Orientalism to Self-Orientalism in the Bosnian Context.” Znakovi vremena – Časopis za filozofiju, religiju, znanost i društvenu praksu 89-90 (2021):139-155.

Doyle, Laura. Inter-imperiality: Vying Empires, gendered labor, and the literary arts of alliance. Durham: Duke University Press, 2020.

Engels, Friedrich. “Die Polendebatte in Frankfurt. From ‘Neue Rheinische Zeitung‘, Nr. 70/ August 9, 1848.” In Karl Marx. Friedrich Engels. Werke Band 5, edited by the Institute for Marxism-Leninism at the Central Committee of the CPSU, 319-363. Berlin: Dietz Verlag, 1959.

Fleischhauer, Ingeborg. Das Dritte Reich und die Deutschen in der Sowjetunion. Vol. 46. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2010.

Kiossev, Alexander. “Notes on Self-colonising Cultures.” In Cultural Aspects of the Modernisation Process, edited by Dimitri Ginev, Francis Sejersted, and Kostadinka Simeonova. Oslo: TMV-Senteret, 1995.

Lübke, Christian. “Ostkolonisation, Ostsiedlung, Landesausbau im Mittelalter. Der ethnische und strukturelle Wandel östlich von Elbe und Saale im Blick der Neuzeit.” In Ostsiedlung und Landesausbau in Sachsen. Die Kührener Urkunde von 1154 und ihr historisches Umfeld, edited by Enno Bünz, 467-484. Leipzig: Leipziger Universitätsverlag, 2008.

Olaru, Ovio. “Ethnocentrism by Proxy: The Ideological Triangulation of Romanian-German Literature.” In Beyond the Iron Curtain: Revisiting the Literary System of Communist Romania, edited by Ștefan Baghiu, Ovio Olaru, and Andrei Terian, 193-214. Berlin: Peter Lang, 2021.

Prodan, David, and Katherine Verdery. “The origins of serfdom in Transylvania.” Slavic Review 49, no. 1 (1990): 1-18.

Terian, Andrei. “National Literature, World Literatures, and Universality in Romanian Cultural Criticism 1867-1947.” CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture 15, no. 5 (2013): 11.