Liceul Tehnologic Mîrşa şi Liceul Teoretic „Gheorghe Lazăr” Avrig, str. Corneliu Coposu, Nr. 1 Mârşa; str. Horea, nr. 27, Avrig, România, tel: +4.0269526478
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The image of Habsburg Monarchy in Samuil Micu’s work
The Enlightenment began for the Transylvanian Romanians with the Religious Unification act of 1700. It was stopped in this way the dissolution of the Orthodox Church threatened by Calvinism and it had been inserting to collective sensitivity the possibility of social regeneration by conversion to the Greek-Catholic confession, promoted by the Habsburg Empire. The advantages of the religious union with the Church of Rome occurred in secular culture, but also in the religious culture by sending young scholars to complete their studies at the Urban College of Propaganda Fide in Rome and Pazmaneum in Vienna. Among young people sent to study in these institutions is also Samuil Micu, who had impressed through the complexity of thought and his encyclopedic knowledge.
Being trained at the universities of the empire, into an Enlightenment background, the Transylvanian intellectual will structural assume the discourse of Emperor Joseph II, and his image reveals the propensity of the Romanian community towards the sovereign in Vienna. Samuil Micu’s vision is iosefin and it is expressed itself in the language of the emperor. Servitude is condemned in vehement terms, the suffering of the serfs impresses him, but the improvement of the social conditions had to result from the reforming work of the emperor, and not by a rebellion of the dissatisfied masses. In those circumstances, the reign of Joseph II offers Samuil Micu the best time in the eighteenth century to express his solidarity with the reformist sovereign.
Keywords: Samuil Micu; Habsburg Empire; Emperor Joseph II; Transylvanian; servitude
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